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Evaluation and Decision Models

Evaluation and Decision Models PDF Author: Denis Bouyssou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461515939
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 274
Book Description
1. 1 Motivations Deciding is a very complex and difficult task. Some people even argue that our ability to make decisions in complex situations is the main feature that distinguishes us from animals (it is also common to say that laughing is the main difference). Nevertheless, when the task is too complex or the interests at stake are too important, it quite often happens that we do not know or we are not sure what to decide and, in many instances, we resort to a decision support technique: an informal one-we toss a coin, we ask an oracle, we visit an astrologer, we consult an expert, we think-or a formal one. Although informal decision support techniques can be of interest, in this book, we will focus on formal ones. Among the latter, we find some well-known decision support techniques: cost-benefit analysis, multiple criteria decision analysis, decision trees, . . . But there are many other ones, sometimes not presented as decision support techniques, that help making decisions. Let us cite but a few examples. • When the director of a school must decide whether a given student will pass or fail, he usually asks each teacher to assess the merits of the student by means of a grade. The director then sums the grades and compares the result to a threshold. • When a bank must decide whether a given client will obtain a credit or not, a technique, called credit scoring, is often used.

Evaluation and Decision Models

Evaluation and Decision Models PDF Author: Denis Bouyssou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461515939
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 274
Book Description
1. 1 Motivations Deciding is a very complex and difficult task. Some people even argue that our ability to make decisions in complex situations is the main feature that distinguishes us from animals (it is also common to say that laughing is the main difference). Nevertheless, when the task is too complex or the interests at stake are too important, it quite often happens that we do not know or we are not sure what to decide and, in many instances, we resort to a decision support technique: an informal one-we toss a coin, we ask an oracle, we visit an astrologer, we consult an expert, we think-or a formal one. Although informal decision support techniques can be of interest, in this book, we will focus on formal ones. Among the latter, we find some well-known decision support techniques: cost-benefit analysis, multiple criteria decision analysis, decision trees, . . . But there are many other ones, sometimes not presented as decision support techniques, that help making decisions. Let us cite but a few examples. • When the director of a school must decide whether a given student will pass or fail, he usually asks each teacher to assess the merits of the student by means of a grade. The director then sums the grades and compares the result to a threshold. • When a bank must decide whether a given client will obtain a credit or not, a technique, called credit scoring, is often used.

Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria

Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria PDF Author: Denis Bouyssou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387310991
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 445
Book Description
Formal decision and evaluation models are so widespread that almost no one can pretend not to have used or suffered the consequences of one of them. This book is a guide aimed at helping the analyst to choose a model and use it consistently. A sound analysis of techniques is proposed and the presentation can be extended to most decision and evaluation models as a "decision aiding methodology".

Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria

Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria PDF Author: Raymond Bisdorff
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662468166
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 643
Book Description
This book showcases a large variety of multiple criteria decision applications (MCDAs), presenting them in a coherent framework provided by the methodology chapters and the comments accompanying each case study. The chapters describing MCDAs invite the reader to experiment with MCDA methods and perhaps develop new variants using data from these case studies or other cases they encounter, equipping them with a broader perception of real-world problems and how to overcome them with the help of MCDAs.

Evaluation and Decision Models

Evaluation and Decision Models PDF Author: Denis Bouyssou
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781461515944
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description


Evaluating and Applying Decision Models

Evaluating and Applying Decision Models PDF Author: Denis Bouyssou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780387718880
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 730
Book Description
In the first volume of the set, Evaluation and Decision Models: A Critical Perspective, the purpose is to provide a critical thinking framework for all individuals utilizing decision and evaluation models, whether it be for research or applications. In the book, the authors criticized formal models while pointing out where these models can be useful. On the other hand, Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria is a guide, a way of reasoning aimed at helping the analyst to choose a model and use it consistently. The authors propose, often using an axiomatic point of view, a sound analysis of techniques aimed at supporting the decision aiding process. The presentation is carried out within a unique framework that can be extended to most decision and evaluation models, as a "decision aiding methodology".

Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes

Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes PDF Author: Michael F. Drummond
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780198529453
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 379
Book Description
The highly successful textbook Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care is now available in its third edition. Over the years it has become the standard textbook in the field world-wide. It mirrors the huge expansion of the field of economic evaluation in health care. This new edition builds on the strengths of previous editions being clearly written in a style accessible to a wide readership. Key methodological principles are outlined using a critical appraisal checklist that can be applied to any published study. The methodological features of the basic forms of analysis are then explained in more detail with special emphasis of the latest views on productivity costs, the characterization of uncertainty and the concept of net benefit. The book has been greatly revised and expanded especially concerning analyzing patient-level data and decision-analytic modeling. There is discussion of new methodological approaches, including cost effectiveness acceptability curves, net benefit regression, probalistic sensitivity analysis and value of information analysis. There is an expanded chapter on the use of economic evaluation, including discussion of the use of cost-effectiveness thresholds, equity considerations and the transferability of economic data. This new edition is required for anyone commissioning, undertaking or using economic evaluations in health care, and will be popular with health service professionals, health economists, pharmacists and health care decision makers. It is especially relevant for those taking pharmacoeconomics courses.

Handbook of Marketing Decision Models

Handbook of Marketing Decision Models PDF Author: Berend Wierenga
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387782125
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 625
Book Description
Marketing models is a core component of the marketing discipline. The recent developments in marketing models have been incredibly fast with information technology (e.g., the Internet), online marketing (e-commerce) and customer relationship management (CRM) creating radical changes in the way companies interact with their customers. This has created completely new breeds of marketing models, but major progress has also taken place in existing types of marketing models. The HANDBOOK OF MARKETING DECISION MODELS presents the state of the art in marketing decision models, dealing with new modeling areas such as customer relationship management, customer value and online marketing, but also describes recent developments in other areas. In the category of marketing mix models, the latest models for advertising, sales promotions, sales management, and competition are dealt with. New developments are presented in consumer decision models, models for return on marketing, marketing management support systems, and in special techniques such as time series and neural nets. Not only are the most recent models discussed, but the book also pays attention to the implementation of marketing models in companies and to applications in specific industries.

Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation

Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation PDF Author: Andrew H. Briggs
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198526628
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 237
Book Description
This is a practical guide to the use of modelling techniques, starting with the basics of constructing different forms of model, the population of the model with input parameter estimates, analysis of the results, and progression to the holistic view of models as a tool to inform future research exercises. Key techniques and approaches are discussed, and a comprehensive set of example exercises take the reader through how to conduct decision-analytic modelling. These exercises are supported with templates and solutions made available via the book website. -- BOOK JACKET.

Decision Models for Personnel Policy Evaluation

Decision Models for Personnel Policy Evaluation PDF Author: Samuel Yagar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 170
Book Description


Evidence-based Decisions and Economics

Evidence-based Decisions and Economics PDF Author: Ian Shemilt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444320408
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 216
Book Description
The need for evidence-based decisions that take account of botheffectiveness and economics is greater now than ever. Using casestudies and illustrative examples throughout the authors describehow the activities and outputs of evidence synthesis, systematicreview, economic analysis and decision-making interact within andacross different spheres of health and social policy and practice. Expanding on the first edition the book now covers approaches toevidence synthesis that combine economics and systematic reviewmethods in the applied fields of social welfare, education andcriminal justice, as well as health care. Written by economists andhealth services researchers closely involved in developingevidence-based policy and practice it showcases currentstate-of-the-art methodology and will be an invaluable read for allpolicy-makers and practitioners using evidence to inform decisions,analysts conducting research to support decisions and studentsdiscovering the need for evidence-based decisions to incorporateeconomic perspectives and evidence.