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Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis to Support Healthcare Decisions

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis to Support Healthcare Decisions PDF Author: Kevin Marsh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319475401
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 329
Book Description
Representing the first collection on the topic, this book builds from foundations to case studies, to future prospects, providing the reader with a rich and comprehensive understanding of the use of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) in healthcare. The first section of the collection presents the foundations of MCDA as it is applied to healthcare decisions, providing guidance on the ethical and theoretical underpinnings of MCDA and how to select MCDA methods appropriate to different decision settings. Section two comprises a collection of case studies spanning the decision continuum, including portfolio development, benefit–risk assessment, health technology assessment, priority setting, resource optimisation, clinical practice and shared decision making. Section three explores future directions in the application of MCDA to healthcare and identifies opportunities for further research to support these.

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis to Support Healthcare Decisions

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis to Support Healthcare Decisions PDF Author: Kevin Marsh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319475401
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 329
Book Description
Representing the first collection on the topic, this book builds from foundations to case studies, to future prospects, providing the reader with a rich and comprehensive understanding of the use of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) in healthcare. The first section of the collection presents the foundations of MCDA as it is applied to healthcare decisions, providing guidance on the ethical and theoretical underpinnings of MCDA and how to select MCDA methods appropriate to different decision settings. Section two comprises a collection of case studies spanning the decision continuum, including portfolio development, benefit–risk assessment, health technology assessment, priority setting, resource optimisation, clinical practice and shared decision making. Section three explores future directions in the application of MCDA to healthcare and identifies opportunities for further research to support these.

Evaluation of Health Services

Evaluation of Health Services PDF Author: Sandeep Reddy
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1838801545
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 128
Book Description
As the costs and resources of delivering health services have increased over the years, the importance of evaluating health services and interventions has become essential. An evaluation provides a systematic process of assessing the efficacy and efficiency of health services, including an assessment of their impact on beneficiaries, whether it be individuals or communities. Evaluation in the health sector includes the evaluation of burden disease where human and economic costs resulting from poor health are measured.In this book, various evaluation studies are detailed, providing an excellent resource for both evaluation practitioners and academics alike. The geographical range and variety of case studies showcase how evaluation has become integral for health service planning and assessment and to assist public health policy makers decide how to use limited resources to minimize burden and inequity. This book will act as a ready resource for both workers experienced in health service evaluation and those intending to learn about burden of disease of evaluation.

Intelligent Systems for Sustainable Person-centered Healthcare

Intelligent Systems for Sustainable Person-centered Healthcare PDF Author: Dalia Kriksciuniene
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030793532
Category : Artificial intelligence
Languages : en
Pages : 250
Book Description
This open access book establishes a dialog among the medical and intelligent system domains for igniting transition toward a sustainable and cost-effective healthcare. The Person-Centered Care (PCC) positions a person in the center of a healthcare system, instead of defining a patient as a set of diagnoses and treatment episodes. The PCC-based conceptual background triggers enhanced application of Artificial Intelligence, as it dissolves the limits of processing traditional medical data records, clinical tests and surveys. Enhanced knowledge for diagnosing, treatment and rehabilitation is captured and utilized by inclusion of data sources characterizing personal lifestyle, and health literacy, and it involves insights derived from smart ambience and wearables data, community networks, and the caregivers’ feedback. The book discusses intelligent systems and their applications for healthcare data analysis, decision making and process design tasks. The measurement systems and efficiency evaluation models analyze ability of intelligent healthcare system to monitor person health and improving quality of life. .

Sustainable Solid Waste Collection and Management

Sustainable Solid Waste Collection and Management PDF Author: Ana Pires
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319932004
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
Book Description
This volume focuses on the collection of waste and waste streams as an integral aspect of sustainable waste management. The authors take economic models and behavioral studies into account to go beyond just descriptions of waste collections technologies and collection route design. Models and tools for sustainable waste collection are described in detail, and the authors provide a comprehensive, integrated methodology to design waste collection systems that reduce environmental impacts, are economically viable, and achieve buy-in and participation from target populations. Part I of the book provides fundamentals and context on waste hierarchy, including waste prevention, reduction and reuse, waste collection itself, and steps such as preparation for recycling, recycling, treatment, and landfilling. Background in environmental, social, and economic concerns surrounding waste collection is also provided here. Part II addresses tools for design, operation, and maintenance of waste collection systems. Part III focuses on how the tools presented in Part II can be used to support sustainability assessments and decisions that consider the entire life cycle of waste and the role of waste collection programs in waste prevention, reduction, reuse, recycling, treatment, and disposal. Part IV addresses the challenges of developing sustainable waste management systems and addresses the role of waste collection in sustainable waste management in the future.

Applications of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering

Applications of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering PDF Author: Ilker Ozsahin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128240873
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 332
Book Description
Applications of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering contains several practical applications on how decision-making theory could be used in solving problems relating to the selection of best alternatives. The book focuses on assisting decision-makers (government, organizations, companies, general public, etc.) in making the best and most appropriate decision when confronted with multiple alternatives. The purpose of the analytical MCDM techniques is to support decision makers under uncertainty and conflicting criteria while making logical decisions. The knowledge of the alternatives of the real-life problems, properties of their parameters, and the priority given to the parameters have a great effect on consequences in decision-making. In this book, the application of MCDM has been provided for the real-life problems in health and biomedical engineering issues. Provides a comprehensive analysis and application multi-criteria decision-making methods Presents detail information about MCDM and their usage Covers state-of-the-art MCDM methods and offers applications of MCDM for health and biomedical engineering purposes

Pattern Recognition Techniques Applied to Biomedical Problems

Pattern Recognition Techniques Applied to Biomedical Problems PDF Author: Martha Refugio Ortiz-Posadas
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030380211
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 221
Book Description
This book covers pattern recognition techniques applied to various areas of biomedicine, including disease diagnosis and prognosis, and several problems of classification, with a special focus on—but not limited to—pattern recognition modeling of biomedical signals and images. Multidisciplinary by definition, the book’s topic blends computing, mathematics and other technical sciences towards the development of computational tools and methodologies that can be applied to pattern recognition processes. In this work, the efficacy of such methods and techniques for processing medical information is analyzed and compared, and auxiliary criteria for determining the correct diagnosis and treatment strategies are recommended and applied. Researchers in applied mathematics, the computer sciences, engineering and related fields with a focus on medical applications will benefit from this book, as well as professionals with a special interest in state-of-the-art pattern recognition techniques as applied to biomedicine.

Health Care Systems Engineering

Health Care Systems Engineering PDF Author: Valérie Bélanger
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030396940
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304
Book Description
This book presents the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Health Care Systems Engineering (HCSE 2019), which took place in Montreal, Canada, from May 30 to June 1, 2019. The event took place in the mother and child university hospital CHU Sainte-Justine in Montréal, and each session was co-chaired by a discussant coming from the clinical practice. The conference offered scientists and practitioners an opportunity to discuss operations management issues in health care delivery systems, and to share new ideas, methods and technologies for improving the operation of health care organizations. Focusing on applications of systems engineering, optimization and statistics to improve health care delivery and health systems, the book covers topics relating to a broad spectrum of concrete problems that pose challenges for researchers and practitioners alike, including hospital drug logistics, operating theatre management, blood donation, home care services, modeling, simulation, process mining and data mining in patient care and health care organizations.

GeoComputation and Public Health

GeoComputation and Public Health PDF Author: Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030711986
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 298
Book Description
GeoComputation and Public Health is fundamentally a multi-disciplinary book, which presents an overview and case studies to exemplify numerous methods and solicitations in addressing vectors borne diseases (e.g, Visceral leishmaniasis, Malaria, Filaria). This book includes a practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in vector-borne disease using open source software solutions. Environmental factors (relief characters, climatology, ecology, vegetation, water bodies etc.) and socio-economic issues (housing type & pattern, education level, economic status, income level, domestics’ animals, census data, etc) are investigated at micro -level and large scale in addressing the various vector-borne disease. This book will also generate a framework for interdisciplinary discussion, latest innovations, and discoveries on public health. The first section of the book highlights the basic and principal aspects of advanced computational practices. Other sections of the book contain geo-simulation, agent-based modeling, spatio-temporal analysis, geospatial data mining, various geocomputational applications, accuracy and uncertainty of geospatial models, applications in environmental, ecological, and biological modeling and analysis in public health research. This book will be useful to the postgraduate students of geography, remote sensing, ecology, environmental sciences and research scholars, along with health professionals looking to solve grand challenges and management on public health.

Decision Support Systems and Education

Decision Support Systems and Education PDF Author: J. Mantas
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 161499921X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 296
Book Description
Medical informatics has revolutionized healthcare in recent years, and one of the major challenges now faced by health professionals everywhere is the further improvement of healthcare by making more effective use of the data from biomedical informatics, not least for education and decision support. This book presents the 52 full papers (accepted from 95 initial submissions) delivered at the Special Topic Conference of the European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI STC 2018), held in Zagreb, Croatia, on 15 and 16 October 2018. The EFMI STC is one of Europe`s leading conferences for the sharing of current professional and scientific knowledge in health informatics processes, and the topics covered here have been broadly divided into two sections; decision support and education. Offering an overview of current medical informatics research, this book will undoubtedly prove invaluable for the professional development of healthcare practitioners, as well as contributing to knowledge sustainability within the field of medical informatics.

Multiple Criteria Decision Making

Multiple Criteria Decision Making PDF Author: Y. Ilker Topcu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303052406X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 411
Book Description
Data and its processed state 'information' have become an indispensable resource for virtually all aspects of business, education, etc. Consequently, decisions regarding the handling of this data, transforming it into meaningful information, and ultimately arriving at the best course of action have taken on a new importance. This book highlights a selection of cutting-edge research on decision making presented at the 25th International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM 2019), held in Istanbul, Turkey.