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A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir

A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir PDF Author: Elena Maslova
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197170
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 627
Book Description
Kolyma Yukaghir is a seriously endangered language spoken by about 50 people in the northeast of Asiatic Russia. It is one of the two surviving languages of the Yukaghir family, which is considered by different scholars either as an isolate left over from before the expansion of other languages and language families into Siberia, or as a distant relative of the Uralic family. In many ways, Yukaghir fits the grammatical type widespread among the languages of Siberia, namely that of predominantly verb-final dependent-marking language with relatively rich agglumative morphology and deranking strategies of clause linking. Furthermore, it has a number of typologically remarkably features, which will be of interest to general linguists irrespective of their theoretical orientation. These include Yukaghir focus-marking system, differential object marking based on global effects of person hierarchy, the obligatory use of bound possesive markers to indicate non-coreference of the possessor with the subject, elaborated switch-reference system, initimate interaction between aspect and valence-changing derivation, etc. The book incorporates all major components of descriptive grammar, from phonology to syntax, with a special chapter on coreference and discourse coherence, annotated and translated sample texts, a Yukaghir-English vocabulary, and a subject index. The description is based on extensive field materials and richly exemplified by non-elicited data. The organization of the book facilitates its use as a reference grammar, with numerous cross-references between sections and concise summaries of interrelated phenomena discussed in various parts of the grammar. The book is of interest to scholars of Uralic and Siberian languages, linguistic typology, and general linguistics.

A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir

A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir PDF Author: Elena Maslova
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197170
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 627
Book Description
Kolyma Yukaghir is a seriously endangered language spoken by about 50 people in the northeast of Asiatic Russia. It is one of the two surviving languages of the Yukaghir family, which is considered by different scholars either as an isolate left over from before the expansion of other languages and language families into Siberia, or as a distant relative of the Uralic family. In many ways, Yukaghir fits the grammatical type widespread among the languages of Siberia, namely that of predominantly verb-final dependent-marking language with relatively rich agglumative morphology and deranking strategies of clause linking. Furthermore, it has a number of typologically remarkably features, which will be of interest to general linguists irrespective of their theoretical orientation. These include Yukaghir focus-marking system, differential object marking based on global effects of person hierarchy, the obligatory use of bound possesive markers to indicate non-coreference of the possessor with the subject, elaborated switch-reference system, initimate interaction between aspect and valence-changing derivation, etc. The book incorporates all major components of descriptive grammar, from phonology to syntax, with a special chapter on coreference and discourse coherence, annotated and translated sample texts, a Yukaghir-English vocabulary, and a subject index. The description is based on extensive field materials and richly exemplified by non-elicited data. The organization of the book facilitates its use as a reference grammar, with numerous cross-references between sections and concise summaries of interrelated phenomena discussed in various parts of the grammar. The book is of interest to scholars of Uralic and Siberian languages, linguistic typology, and general linguistics.

A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir

A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir PDF Author: Irina Nikolaeva
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110892847
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 513
Book Description
The Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir has two main purposes. First, it is intended as a relatively complete source of information on the lexicon of Yukaghir. Tundra and Kolyma Yukaghir are closely related, highly endangered languages spoken in the extreme North-East of Siberia. No modern comprehensive lexicographic description of these languages is available for the international linguistic community. The dictionary presents all known varieties of Yukaghir in comparative format. Some of the materials included come from published sources, others were obtained by the author through fieldwork and are published for the first time. The dictionary also contains examples of now extinct early forms of Yukaghir, which began to be recorded in the late 17th century. Second, the dictionary provides a first reconstruction of the common ancestor of all known Yukaghir varieties. The proto-Yukaghir stems are established based on internal reconstruction, comparison between various Yukaghir idioms, and external data. Although the dictionary does not attempt to provide etymologies for all Yukaghir words, it includes possible cognates of some Yukaghir stems from other languages, mainly Uralic and Altaic. Since Yukaghir forms are not only cited in their modern shape but are reconstructed, the dictionary will provide a foundation for future etymological work and contribute to investigating the genetic affiliation of Yukaghir, usually classified as isolated. The book will also be useful for linguists interested in the distant genetic relations between language families and the reconstruction of the ethnic and linguistic situation in prehistoric northern Asia.

The Vanishing Languages of the Pacific Rim

The Vanishing Languages of the Pacific Rim PDF Author: Michael E. Krauss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019926662X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 530
Book Description
In this work, the editors present a survey of the languages of the Pacific rim, a vast region containing the greatest typological and genetic diversity in the world. The analyses range from the regional to the local and focus on languages in a wide variety of social and ecological settings.

Syntax - Theory and Analysis

Syntax - Theory and Analysis PDF Author: Tibor Kiss
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110363682
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 707
Book Description
The handbook offers an overview of syntactic theory and analysis, in terms of different theories, different languages, and different methods. The Handbook presents the state of art in syntactic analysis, also dealing with the methodology employed, and the rules of argumentation required to achieve such analyses for a wide range of phenomena.

Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World

Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World PDF Author: Simone Mattiola
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027262586
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 237
Book Description
The aim of this book is to give the first large-scale typological investigation of pluractionality in the languages of the world. Pluractionality is defined as the morphological modification of the verb to express a plurality of situations that can additionally involve a plurality of participants and/or spaces. Based on a 246-language sample, the main characteristics of pluractionality are described and discussed throughout the book. Firstly, a description of the functions that pluractional markers cross-linguistically express is presented and the relationships occurring among them are explained through the semantic map model. Then, the marking strategies that languages display to express such functions are illustrated and some issues concerning the formal identification are briefly discussed as well. The typological generalizations are corroborated showing how pluractional markers work in three specific languages (Akawaio, Beja, Maa). In conclusion, the theoretical conceptualization of pluractionality is discussed referring to the Radical Construction Grammar approach.

Yukaghir Texts

Yukaghir Texts PDF Author: Elena Maslova
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447044257
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 199
Book Description
The book presents authentic texts in two Yukaghir languages, Tundra and Kolyma Yukaghir, an isolate group of languages spoken by few small communities in Siberia. The major goal of the book is to make primary Yukaghir data accessible for readers who have no previous knowledge of these languages. Each text is provided with a detailed morph-to-morph translation following thecurrent linguistic standards, as well as with idiomatic English translation. In addition, the book contains Yukaghir-English vocabularies for both Yukaghir languages, with cross-references to all text occurrences of each word, a set of comprehensive morphemic and grammatical indices to text corpora, and abrief overview of basic ethnographic and grammatical facts. The principles of text representation are described in a user's guide. The book will serve as a useful source of data for scholars of the Yukaghir languages and cultures, as well as for anyone interested in cross-linguistic or cross-cultural studies.

The Handbook of Language Contact

The Handbook of Language Contact PDF Author: Raymond Hickey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 140517580X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 863
Book Description
Lyle Campbell, University of Utah --

Mermaid Construction

Mermaid Construction PDF Author: Tasaku Tsunoda
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110670844
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 882
Book Description
This volume provides detailed studies of the crosslinguistically unusual mermaid construction in seventeen languages of Asia, including Modern Standard Japanese, and one language of Africa. This construction appears to be absent in languages of Europe, Oceania and the Americas. The name - mermaid construction - alludes to its paradoxical make-up, where the structure closely resembling a verb-predicate clause ends with what may look like a noun-predicate clause. Superficially it looks biclausal; however, syntactically it is monoclausal. It has a compound predicate which contains an independent noun, a clitic or an affix derived from a noun, or a nominalizer. Its compound predicate has a modal, evidential, aspectual, temporal, stylistic or discourse-related meaning. The paradox is resolved from a diachronic perspective insofar as a biclausal structure is reanalyzed as a monoclausal one. This volume shows how a noun may be reanalyzed to become a constituent of a predicate. It constitutes an important contribution to research on grammaticalization and in particular, the grammaticalization of nouns and more generally, to the typology of syntactic reanalysis.

Interfaces in Functional Discourse Grammar

Interfaces in Functional Discourse Grammar PDF Author: Lucia Contreras-GarcĂ­a
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110711591
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 457
Book Description
In grammar design, a basic distinction is made between derivational and modular architectures. This raises the question of which organization of grammar can deal with linguistic phenomena more appropriately. The studies contained in the present volume explore the interface relations between different levels of linguistic representation in Functional Discourse Grammar as presented in Hengeveld and Mackenzie (2008) and Keizer (2015). This theory analyses linguistic expressions at four linguistic levels: interpersonal, representational, morphosyntactic and phonological. The articles address issues such as the possible correspondences and mismatches between those levels as well as the conditions which constrain the combinations of levels in well-formed expressions. Additionally, the theory is tested by examining various grammatical phenomena with a focus both on the English language and on typological adequacy: anaphora, raising, phonological reduction, noun incorporation, reflexives and reciprocals, serial verbs, the passive voice, time measurement constructions, coordination, nominal modification, and connectives. Overall, the volume provides both theoretical and descriptive insights which are of relevance to linguistics in general.

Pronouns

Pronouns PDF Author: D. N. Shankara Bhat
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199269122
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 320
Book Description
On the basis of a cross-linguistic study of over 250 languages, this book brings to light several fascinating characteristics of pronouns. It argues that these words do not form a single category, but rather two different categories called 'personal pronouns' and 'proforms'. It points out several differences between the two, such as the occurrence of a dual structure among proforms but not among personal pronouns. These differences are shown to derive from the distinct functions that thetwo categories have to perform in language. The book also shows that the so-called interrogative pronouns of familiar languages do not actually have interrogation as their meaning. One can only assign the meaning of indefiniteness to them. Further, the notion of indefiniteness that can be associated with these and other pronouns is quite different from the one that can be associated with noun phrases. Other interesting aspects of this book include the postulation of certain typological distinctions like 'two-person' and 'three-person' languages and 'free-pronoun' and 'bound-pronoun' languages.