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Advances in Visual Information Management

Advances in Visual Information Management PDF Author: Hiroshi Arisawa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387355049
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 410
Book Description
Video segmentation is the most fundamental process for appropriate index ing and retrieval of video intervals. In general, video streams are composed 1 of shots delimited by physical shot boundaries. Substantial work has been done on how to detect such shot boundaries automatically (Arman et aI. , 1993) (Zhang et aI. , 1993) (Zhang et aI. , 1995) (Kobla et aI. , 1997). Through the inte gration of technologies such as image processing, speech/character recognition and natural language understanding, keywords can be extracted and associated with these shots for indexing (Wactlar et aI. , 1996). A single shot, however, rarely carries enough amount of information to be meaningful by itself. Usu ally, it is a semantically meaningful interval that most users are interested in re trieving. Generally, such meaningful intervals span several consecutive shots. There hardly exists any efficient and reliable technique, either automatic or manual, to identify all semantically meaningful intervals within a video stream. Works by (Smith and Davenport, 1992) (Oomoto and Tanaka, 1993) (Weiss et aI. , 1995) (Hjelsvold et aI. , 1996) suggest manually defining all such inter vals in the database in advance. However, even an hour long video may have an indefinite number of meaningful intervals. Moreover, video data is multi interpretative. Therefore, given a query, what is a meaningful interval to an annotator may not be meaningful to the user who issues the query. In practice, manual indexing of meaningful intervals is labour intensive and inadequate.

Advances in Visual Information Management

Advances in Visual Information Management PDF Author: Hiroshi Arisawa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387355049
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 410
Book Description
Video segmentation is the most fundamental process for appropriate index ing and retrieval of video intervals. In general, video streams are composed 1 of shots delimited by physical shot boundaries. Substantial work has been done on how to detect such shot boundaries automatically (Arman et aI. , 1993) (Zhang et aI. , 1993) (Zhang et aI. , 1995) (Kobla et aI. , 1997). Through the inte gration of technologies such as image processing, speech/character recognition and natural language understanding, keywords can be extracted and associated with these shots for indexing (Wactlar et aI. , 1996). A single shot, however, rarely carries enough amount of information to be meaningful by itself. Usu ally, it is a semantically meaningful interval that most users are interested in re trieving. Generally, such meaningful intervals span several consecutive shots. There hardly exists any efficient and reliable technique, either automatic or manual, to identify all semantically meaningful intervals within a video stream. Works by (Smith and Davenport, 1992) (Oomoto and Tanaka, 1993) (Weiss et aI. , 1995) (Hjelsvold et aI. , 1996) suggest manually defining all such inter vals in the database in advance. However, even an hour long video may have an indefinite number of meaningful intervals. Moreover, video data is multi interpretative. Therefore, given a query, what is a meaningful interval to an annotator may not be meaningful to the user who issues the query. In practice, manual indexing of meaningful intervals is labour intensive and inadequate.

Advances in Visual Information Systems

Advances in Visual Information Systems PDF Author: Guoping Qiu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540764143
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 586
Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Visual Information Systems, VISUAL 2007, held in Shanghai, China, in June 2007. The papers are organized in topical section on image and video retrieval, visual biometrics, intelligent visual information processing, visual data mining, ubiquitous and mobile visual information systems, semantics, 2D/3D graphical visual data retrieval, and applications of visual information systems.

Advances in Visual Information Systems

Advances in Visual Information Systems PDF Author: Robert Laurini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540400532
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 545
Book Description
Presently, in our world, visual information dominates. The turn of the millenium marks the age of visual information systems. Enabled by picture sensors of all kinds turning digital, visual information will not only enhance the value of existing information, it will also open up a new horizon of previously untapped information sources. There is a huge demand for visual information access from the consumer. As well, the handling of visual information is boosted by the rapid increase of hardware and Internet capabilities. Advanced technology for visual information systems is more urgently needed than ever before: not only new computational methods to retrieve, index, compress and uncover pictorial information, but also new metaphors to organize user interfaces. Also, new ideas and algorithms are needed which allow access to very large databases of digital pictures and videos. Finally we should not forget new systems with visual interfaces integrating the above components into new types of image, video or multimedia databases and hyperdocuments. All of these technologies will enable the construction of systems that are radically different from conventional information systems. Many novel issues will need to be addressed: query formulation for pictorial information, consistency management thereof, indexing and assessing the quality of these systems. Historically, the expression Visual Information Systems can be understood either as a system for image information or as visual system for any kind information.

Recent Advances in Visual Information Systems

Recent Advances in Visual Information Systems PDF Author: Shi-Kuo Chang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540459251
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
Visualinformationsystemsareinformationsystemsforvisualcomputing.Visual computing is computing on visual objects. Some visual objects such as images are inherently visual in the sense that their primary representation is the visual representation.Somevisualobjectssuchasdatastructuresarederivativelyvisual in the sense that their primary representation is not the visual representation, but can be transformed into a visual representation. Images and data structures are the two extremes. Other visual objects such as maps may fall somewhere in between the two. Visual computing often involves the transformation from one type of visual objects into another type of visual objects, or into the same type of visual objects, to accomplish certain objectives such as information reduction, object recognition, and so on. In visual information systems design it is also important to ask the foll- ing question: who performs the visual computing? The answer to this question determines the approach to visual computing. For instance it is possible that primarily the computer performs the visual computing and the human merely observes the results. It is also possible that primarily the human performs the visual computing and the computer plays a supporting role. Often the human and the computer are both involved as equal partners in visual computing and there are visual interactions. Formal or informal visual languages are usually needed to facilitate such visual interactions.

Visual Information Systems. Web-Based Visual Information Search and Management

Visual Information Systems. Web-Based Visual Information Search and Management PDF Author: Monica Sebillo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540858903
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 352
Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Visual Information Systems, VISUAL 2008, held in Salerno, Italy, September 11-12, 2008. The 35 papers presented in this volume, together with 3 keynote speeches, were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The topics covered are information and data visualization; advances techniques for visual information management; mobile visual information systems; image and video indexing and retrieval; applications of visual information systems; and industrial experiences.

Mining Spatio-Temporal Information Systems

Mining Spatio-Temporal Information Systems PDF Author: Roy Ladner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461511496
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 170
Book Description
Mining Spatio-Temporal Information Systems, an edited volume is composed of chapters from leading experts in the field of Spatial-Temporal Information Systems and addresses the many issues in support of modeling, creation, querying, visualizing and mining. Mining Spatio-Temporal Information Systems is intended to bring together a coherent body of recent knowledge relating to STIS data modeling, design, implementation and STIS in knowledge discovery. In particular, the reader is exposed to the latest techniques for the practical design of STIS, essential for complex query processing. Mining Spatio-Temporal Information Systems is structured to meet the needs of practitioners and researchers in industry and graduate-level students in Computer Science.

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications PDF Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466620390
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 2102
Book Description
Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.

Advances in Multimedia Information Systems

Advances in Multimedia Information Systems PDF Author: K. Selçuk Candan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354031945X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
This volume collects the proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Multimedia Information Systems, MIS 2005, which was held during September 19–21, 2005 in the beautiful town of Sorrento, Italy. The MIS series of workshops started in 1995 with the aim of fostering - terdisciplinary discussions and research in all aspects of multimedia information systems, in all their diversity. Since then, in MIS workshops,issues ranging from fundamental multimedia information management research to advanced app- cations in multimedia systems related ?elds have been discussed, new systems have been reported, and the lessons learned have provided new insights into this dynamic and exciting area of computer science and engineering. As the program chairs of the MIS 2005 workshop, we note that while desi- ing an e?ective multimedia system, two complementary issues have to be taken into account: (a) the need to use appropriate technologies in acquiring, p- cessing, and delivering multimedia data which manifest themselves under very di?erent shapes; and (b) the need for modeling, indexing, querying, retrieving, mining, and visualizing data under di?erent system and device capabilities, for di?erent users. Therefore, besides the development of more traditional content management technologies, there are emerging needs to gather media from se- ing devices in the environmental context, for informedprocessingofmediabased on the current task and resources, and for making the results available to the user in the most suitable form based on the capabilities and preferences of the user.

Visual Information Systems

Visual Information Systems PDF Author: International Conference on Visual Information Systems 1996
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540636366
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 286
Book Description
This book is a thoroughly arranged anthology outlining the state of the art in the emerging area of visual informationsystems. The chapters presented are a selection of thoroughly refereed and revised full papers first presented at the First International Conference on visual Information Systems held in February 1996. Next generation information systems have a high visual content, and there will be a shift in emphasis from a paradigm of predominantly alphanumeric data processing to one of visual information processing. The book provides a detailed introductory chapter, two keynotes by leading authorities, sections on design and architecture, database management and modelling, contend-based search and retrieval, feature extraction and indexing, query model and interface, and object recognition and content organization.

Advances in Databases and Information Systems

Advances in Databases and Information Systems PDF Author: Witold Litwin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540649243
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 392
Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second East European Symposium on Advances in Databases and Information systems, ADBIS '98, held in Poznan, Poland in September 1998. The 25 revised full papers presented were selected from a total of 90 submissions and six extended abstracts within a special section. "East meets West". The papers are organized in topical sections on query languges, optimization, collaborative systems, schema integration, storage and version management, object systems, knowledge discovery and the Web, and systems design.