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The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy

The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy PDF Author: Charles John Samuel Thompson
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465611150
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Dr. v. Oefele states of pharmacy before the time of Hippocrates, that although the practice of medicine was not separated from pharmacy among the Greeks and Romans, there was such a separation among the ancient Egyptians, from whom the distinction was handed down to the Copts, and by them to the Arabians; and, in fact, that the term pharmacist is probably of Egyptian origin, being derived from Ph-ar-maki, which signifies the preparation of medicine from drugs. The Egyptian pharmaki who were engaged in that occupation belonged to the higher social ranks of writers or academically-educated persons, comprising also the priests, physicians, statesmen, and military commanders. The Jews were indebted to Egypt for their primary ideas of medicine, but they cast away the ideas of demonology and magic which clouded what was good in the practice of Egypt. The Talmud recommends onions for worms, and wine, pepper, and asafœtida for flatulency. The Talmudists are responsible for calling the earth, air, fire, and water elementary bodies. In the middle ages the Jews rendered service to the healing art, and had a large share in the scientific work connected with the Arab domination of Spain. In China the use of drugs goes back to a very remote age, and alchemy was practised by the Chinese long previous to its being known in Europe. For two centuries prior to the Christian era, and for four or more subsequent, the transmutation of the base metals into gold, and the composition of the elixir of immortality, were questions ardently studied by the Chinese. It is, moreover, a matter of history that intercourse between China and Persia was frequent both before and after the Mahomedan conquest of the latter country; that embassies from Persia as well as from the Arabs, and even from the Greeks in Constantinople, visited the court of the Chinese emperor in Shansi; that Arab traders settled in China, and that there was frequent intercourse by sea between China and the Persian Gulf; and lastly, that China had an extensive alchemical literature anterior to the period when alchemy was studied in the West. All these facts go to prove that the ancient science known as alchemy was originated by the Chinese, and not by the disciples of Mahomed, who only acquired the knowledge at second hand.

Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy

Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy PDF Author: C. J. S. Thompson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780243636969
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy

The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy PDF Author: Charles John Samuel Thompson
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465611150
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Dr. v. Oefele states of pharmacy before the time of Hippocrates, that although the practice of medicine was not separated from pharmacy among the Greeks and Romans, there was such a separation among the ancient Egyptians, from whom the distinction was handed down to the Copts, and by them to the Arabians; and, in fact, that the term pharmacist is probably of Egyptian origin, being derived from Ph-ar-maki, which signifies the preparation of medicine from drugs. The Egyptian pharmaki who were engaged in that occupation belonged to the higher social ranks of writers or academically-educated persons, comprising also the priests, physicians, statesmen, and military commanders. The Jews were indebted to Egypt for their primary ideas of medicine, but they cast away the ideas of demonology and magic which clouded what was good in the practice of Egypt. The Talmud recommends onions for worms, and wine, pepper, and asafœtida for flatulency. The Talmudists are responsible for calling the earth, air, fire, and water elementary bodies. In the middle ages the Jews rendered service to the healing art, and had a large share in the scientific work connected with the Arab domination of Spain. In China the use of drugs goes back to a very remote age, and alchemy was practised by the Chinese long previous to its being known in Europe. For two centuries prior to the Christian era, and for four or more subsequent, the transmutation of the base metals into gold, and the composition of the elixir of immortality, were questions ardently studied by the Chinese. It is, moreover, a matter of history that intercourse between China and Persia was frequent both before and after the Mahomedan conquest of the latter country; that embassies from Persia as well as from the Arabs, and even from the Greeks in Constantinople, visited the court of the Chinese emperor in Shansi; that Arab traders settled in China, and that there was frequent intercourse by sea between China and the Persian Gulf; and lastly, that China had an extensive alchemical literature anterior to the period when alchemy was studied in the West. All these facts go to prove that the ancient science known as alchemy was originated by the Chinese, and not by the disciples of Mahomed, who only acquired the knowledge at second hand.

History of Chemistry in China

History of Chemistry in China PDF Author: Zhi Dao
Publisher: DeepLogic
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
The book provides highlights on the key concepts and trends of evolution in the History of Chemistry in China, as one of the series of books of “China Classified Histories”.

Medieval Medicine

Medieval Medicine PDF Author: Faith Wallis
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442604239
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 592
Book Description
In this collection of over 100 primary sources, many translated for the first time, Faith Wallis reveals the dynamic world of medicine in the Middle Ages that has been largely unavailable to students and scholars.

Bibliography of the History of Medicine

Bibliography of the History of Medicine PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Medicine
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Bibliography of the History of Medicine

Bibliography of the History of Medicine PDF Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Medicine
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Roger Bacon and the Sciences

Roger Bacon and the Sciences PDF Author: Jeremiah Hackett
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004100152
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 439
Book Description
A major updating of scholarship on the philosophy and thought of Roger Bacon. In particular, it treats his philosophy of language, science and mathematics, moral philosophy, medicine, physics and metaphysics, and his history and sociology of religion.

Index-catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office, United States Army

Index-catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office, United States Army PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Medicine
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy

The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy PDF Author: C. J. S. Thompson
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9781330254967
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 357
Book Description
Excerpt from The Mystery and Romance of Alchemy and Pharmacy It has been my endeavour in the following pages to sketch, however imperfectly, some phases of the romance and mystery that have surrounded the arts of medicine, alchemy, and pharmacy from the earliest period of which we have record down to the close of the eighteenth century. The influence of the past on the present is greater than we commonly suppose. In this age of rapid scientific progress and brilliant research, we are apt to overlook and lose sight of the patient labours of the early pioneers of science, many of whom laid the foundations of discoveries that have since proved of inestimable value to mankind. Hence the history of the past, whether in science or in art, is always worthy of study and attention. My thanks are due to the Editor of the Pharmaceutical Journal for permission to reproduce several illustrations which appeared in its pages together with a portion of this work. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Making Medicines in Early Colonial Lima, Peru

Making Medicines in Early Colonial Lima, Peru PDF Author: Linda A. Newson
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004351272
Category : Lima (Peru)
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
"Based on extensive archival research in Peru, Spain, and Italy, Making Medicines in Early Colonial Lima, Peru examines how apothecaries in Lima were trained, ran their businesses, traded medicinal products, prepared medicines, and found their place in society. In the book, Newson argues that apothecaries had the potential to be innovators in science, especially in the New World where they encountered new environments and diverse healing traditions. However, it shows that despite experimental tendencies among some apothecaries, they generally adhered to traditional humoral practices and imported materia medica from Spain rather than adopt native plants or exploit the region's rich mineral resources. This adherence was not due to state regulation, but reflected the entrenchment of humoral beliefs in popular thought and their promotion by the Church and Inquisition"--Provided by publisher.