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Effects of Cancer Treatment on the Nervous System, Volume 1

Effects of Cancer Treatment on the Nervous System, Volume 1 PDF Author: Wolfgang Grisold
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 152756004X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 434
Book Description
This first volume describes the epidemiology of cancer, development of drugs, chemotherapy and surgical therapy, and the side effects of therapies and differential diagnoses. It shows that the diagnosis of side effects needs to be supported by scales and scores to grade their extent, and presents a number of tools and methods that can be used to assess the focal and generalized effects of chemotherapy on the central and peripheral nervous system. Cancer is often associated with pain and is a frequent issue in patients with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. The participation of patients in studies and their influence on study design is important. Patient support groups have been formed for several forms of cancer, and are helpful in dispensing advice. The treatment of cancer patients must include activities of daily living and quality of life. Often, palliative care and end-of-life care are part of the disease trajectory. As this book shows, patients do not have equal access to cancer treatment around the world, and often basic issues as diagnosis, treatment are lacking.

Effects of Cancer Treatment on the Nervous System, Volume 1

Effects of Cancer Treatment on the Nervous System, Volume 1 PDF Author: Wolfgang Grisold
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 152756004X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 434
Book Description
This first volume describes the epidemiology of cancer, development of drugs, chemotherapy and surgical therapy, and the side effects of therapies and differential diagnoses. It shows that the diagnosis of side effects needs to be supported by scales and scores to grade their extent, and presents a number of tools and methods that can be used to assess the focal and generalized effects of chemotherapy on the central and peripheral nervous system. Cancer is often associated with pain and is a frequent issue in patients with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. The participation of patients in studies and their influence on study design is important. Patient support groups have been formed for several forms of cancer, and are helpful in dispensing advice. The treatment of cancer patients must include activities of daily living and quality of life. Often, palliative care and end-of-life care are part of the disease trajectory. As this book shows, patients do not have equal access to cancer treatment around the world, and often basic issues as diagnosis, treatment are lacking.

Tumors of the Central Nervous system, Volume 3

Tumors of the Central Nervous system, Volume 3 PDF Author: M.A. Hayat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400713994
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 382
Book Description
The classification of brain tumors is up-dated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy technology. The role of cellular immortality in brain tumors is reviewed. Tumor to tumor metastases are a common occurrence; for example, , brain metastasis from breast cancer, lung cancer, and renal cancer is discussed. Genetic profiling and treatment (including neurosurgery) of such brain cancers are explained. Breast cancer patients treated with certain drugs (e.g., capecitabine and lapatinib can develop CNS tumors. Role of brain tumor suppressor genes (e.g., NRP/B gene) is pointed out. Biomarkers used to diagnose brain malignancies are explained in detail. A number of imaging modalities used for diagnosing and assessing the effectiveness of treatments of brain tumors are presented. The imaging methods discussed include MRI, PET, CT, MRSi, and SPECT. Also, is discussed the impact of PET using radiolabeled amino acids on brain tumors.

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1 PDF Author: M. A. Hayat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400703445
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 434
Book Description
The most recent developments in diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of Gliomas (Glioblastoma) in the brain are presented. The importance of personalized medicine and clinical validation for targeted therapy are discussed. The identification of various types of biomarkers is included. The identification and validation of brain cancer (glioblastoma) genes are discussed. Role of cancer stem cells in the initiation, progression, and persistence of malignant gliomas is explained. The use of surgical resection, chemotherapy (e.g., temozolomide), immunotherapy, and radiotherapy for malignant glioblastoma are pointed out. Standard (established) as well as newer imaging modalities (proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy) are discussed.

ALERT - Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment

ALERT - Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment PDF Author: Philip Rubin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540723145
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 311
Book Description
The literature on the late effects of cancer treatment is widely scattered in different journals since all major organ systems are affected and management is based on a variety of medical and surgical treatments. The aim of "ALERT – Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment" is to offer a coherent multidisciplinary approach to the care of cancer survivors. The Volume focuses on the general concepts and principles relevant to late effects and on the dynamic interplay of molecular, cytologic and histopathologic events that lead to altered physiologic and metabolic functions and their clinical manifestations. Chapters are also included on legal issues, economic aspects, nursing, psychological issues and quality of life. It is anticipated that this textbook will become the gold standard in providing information on the late effects of cancer treatment and that, in its digitized form, it will be referenced in cancer survivorship guidelines.

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 2

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 2 PDF Author: M.A. Hayat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400706187
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 458
Book Description
Advantages and limitations of biomarkers in gliomagenesis are described. Molecular subtypes of gliomas are detailed. The role played by TP53 gene mutation in the deadliest brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme, is pointed out. The role of mutations of IDH1 and IDH2, and isocitrate dehydrogenases in malignant gliomas are presented. Metabolic differences in different regions of the glioma tumor are clarified. Various types of imaging modalities, including PET and SPECT, to diagnose gliomas in general and glioblastoma in particular in patients are explained in detail. Both low-grade and high-grade gliomas are discussed. Conventional as well as fluorescent-guided resection techniques for high-grade, recurrent malignant gliomas are detailed. Impact of resection extent on outcomes in patients with high-grade gliomas is clarified. The advantage of the use of intraoperative low-field MRI in glioma surgery is explained.

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 12

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 12 PDF Author: M.A. Hayat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400772173
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 386
Book Description
As in the case of its eleven predecessors in the series Tumors of the Central Nervous System, this volume is distinguished for its thorough approach, its roster of 92 distinguished contributors representing 11 different countries and its detailed examination of leading-edge technology and methods. Volume 12: Molecular Mechanisms, Children’s Cancer, Treatments, and Radiosurgery offers a comprehensive review of the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of brain and spinal cord tumors. Coverage extends to a large number of tumor types, including neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, meningioma and chordoma. Molecular profiling of brain tumors to select appropriate therapy in clinical trials of brain tumors is discussed in detail, as is the classification/diagnosis of brain tumors based on function analysis. CDK6 as the molecular regulator of neuronal differentiation in the adult brain, and the role of aquaporins in human brain tumor growth are explained. Discussion also includes tumors affecting children, including neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. A full chapter is devoted to the role of molecular genetic alterations in medulloblastoma, and another examines survival differences between children and adults with medulloblastoma. The use of various types of imaging methods to diagnose brain tumors is explained. In-depth discussion of treatment options includes stereotactic radiosurgery, endoscopic neurosurgery, electrochemotherapy, transsphenoidal surgery, focal ablation, whole brain radiation therapy and recraniotomy.

High-Resolution Sonography of the Peripheral Nervous System

High-Resolution Sonography of the Peripheral Nervous System PDF Author: Siegfried Peer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540490841
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 207
Book Description
Since the first edition of this book, sonography of the peripheral nervous system has evolved further. This second, revised edition includes many state-of-the-art high-resolution images, the text has been adapted to reflect the current state of the literature, and information is presented using a more modern layout. This book provides a practical, clinically oriented overview of all aspects of sonographic diagnosis and interventional therapy of the peripheral nervous system.

Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery

Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery PDF Author: L. Symon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709169542
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 215
Book Description
As an addition to the European postgraduate training system for young neurosurgeons we began to publish in 1974 this series devoted to Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery which was later sponsored by the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies. The fact that the English language is well on the way to becoming the international medium at European scientific conferences is a great asset in terms of mutual understanding. Therefore we have decided to publish all contributions in English, regardless of the native language of the authors. All contributions are submitted to the entire editorial board before publication of any volume. Our series is not intended to compete with the publications of original scientific papers in other neurosurgical journals. Our intention is, rather, to present fields of neurosurgery and related areas in which important recent advances have been made. The contributions are written by specialists in the given fields and constitute the first part of each volume. In the second part of each volume, we publish detailed descriptions Of standard operative procedures, furnished by experienced clinicians; in these articles the authors describe the techniques they employ and explain the advantages, difficulties and risks involved in the various procedures. This part is intended primarily to assist young neurosurgeons in their post graduate training. However, we are convinced that it will also be useful to experienced, fully trained neurosurgeons.

CURED I - LENT Late Effects of Cancer Treatment on Normal Tissues

CURED I - LENT Late Effects of Cancer Treatment on Normal Tissues PDF Author: Philip Rubin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540490701
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 140
Book Description
This volume is based on the LENT V NCI-sponsored meeting held in May 2004 and the CURED I Conference in 2006. Written by experts in the field, it addresses a critical topics relating to late effects, such as mechanisms of injury, the role of screening, options for interventions, second malignancies, and prevention. It is hoped that these findings will help readers to prevent and treat the long-term side-effects of irradiation.

The Impact of Tumor Biology on Cancer Treatment and Multidisciplinary Strategies

The Impact of Tumor Biology on Cancer Treatment and Multidisciplinary Strategies PDF Author: Michael Molls
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540743863
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 367
Book Description
Te rapidly changing concepts in radiation oncology with the development of more precise - strumentation for delivery of radiation therapy and a greater emphasis on hypofractionation technologies require a very intimate knowledge of tumor biology and the infuence of various biologic factors on dose distribution within the tumor in terms of homogeneity as well as prev- tion of any late efects on normal tissue surrounding the tumor itself. Not only are these major factors in clinical practice but also the known factors of inhomogeneity of cancer cells, the impact of microenvironment in terms of radiation efect, and host factors make it mandatory to design therapeutic strategies to improve the outcome and to diminish any potential short-term or lo- term risks from the radiation therapy. Te authors have developed an outstanding text that deals with these strategies and how they would impact on established and emerging new technologies and treatment. Te context of the presentations within a multidisciplinary combined modality therapy program is incredibly - portant. In this volume, various topics are reviewed including tumor genesis, cell proliferation, - giogenesis, the physiologic characteristics of malignant tissues, invasion and adhesion, the route and role pursued in the development of metastasis, and the role of the human immune system in cancer prevention and development.