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Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy PDF Author: Axel W. Bauer
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030637492
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 290
Book Description
This book presents in detail the problems and ethical challenges in daily oncological practice. In western industrialized countries, roughly 25 percent of all citizens still die from cancer. Despite significant progress in basic science and in individual areas of clinical care, even in the 21st century, being diagnosed with cancer has lost none of its dread and can still be a death sentence. This situation raises many problems and challenges for medical ethics, e.g., the question of the benefits and risks of prevention programs, or the right to know and not to know. Clinical trials with cancer patients and quality assurance for surgery, radiotherapy and medication also pose a series of ethical dilemmas. Furthermore, cancer treatment is a psychological challenge not only for patients but also for physicians and caregivers. The issues of adequate pain management and good palliative care, of treatment limiting and the question of assisted suicide at the end of life also have to be considered. In order to reflect the subject’s diverse and multifaceted nature, the book incorporates legal, ethnographic, historical and literary perspectives into ethical considerations.

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy PDF Author: Axel W. Bauer
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030637492
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 290
Book Description
This book presents in detail the problems and ethical challenges in daily oncological practice. In western industrialized countries, roughly 25 percent of all citizens still die from cancer. Despite significant progress in basic science and in individual areas of clinical care, even in the 21st century, being diagnosed with cancer has lost none of its dread and can still be a death sentence. This situation raises many problems and challenges for medical ethics, e.g., the question of the benefits and risks of prevention programs, or the right to know and not to know. Clinical trials with cancer patients and quality assurance for surgery, radiotherapy and medication also pose a series of ethical dilemmas. Furthermore, cancer treatment is a psychological challenge not only for patients but also for physicians and caregivers. The issues of adequate pain management and good palliative care, of treatment limiting and the question of assisted suicide at the end of life also have to be considered. In order to reflect the subject’s diverse and multifaceted nature, the book incorporates legal, ethnographic, historical and literary perspectives into ethical considerations.

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care PDF Author: Peter Angelos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475730446
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 152
Book Description
This book addresses a variety of ethical issues that arise in the care of oncology patients. Many volumes have been written on medical ethics in the past 30 years. However, few have focused on ethical issues specific to the care of cancer patients. This book brings together such a focused examination. The contributors are experienced clinicians, ethicists, medical humanists, and medical educators. The issues raised have direct relevance to the care of oncology patients in treatment as well as research settings. The chapters address issues that are central to contemporary medical practice and medical ethics inquiry. Any practicing clinician will be well aware of the problems of communication and how uncertainty, cross-cultural issues, and religious influences can impact patient care. The limits of care and the role of advance directives and palliative care are common issues that must be addressed in treating patients at the end of life. For oncologists and oncology patients, participation in clinical trials may be a thomy topic, especially when phase I clinical trials are being considered. The impact of managed care and reimbursement issues cannot be avoided in the contemporary patient care and similarly cannot be neglected when considering the ethical ramifications raised. No discussion of ethics in oncology can be complete without attention to the specific challenges raised by the pediatric patient with cancer. All of these topics are explored by the contributors to this book.

Ethics and Oncology: Therapy, Care, Research

Ethics and Oncology: Therapy, Care, Research PDF Author: Monika Bobbert
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783495485866
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 352
Book Description


Ethical Challenges in Oncology

Ethical Challenges in Oncology PDF Author: Colleen Gallagher
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128039019
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 348
Book Description
Ethical Challenges in Oncology: Patient Care, Research, Education, and Economics covers a wide variety of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology throughout the full cancer care continuum. This book provides a holistic view on oncology ethics, incorporating the knowledge and expertise of authors from various departments and oncology specialties within the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The first section focuses on the ethical issues associated with treating cancer patients. Next, the ethical challenges associated with oncology research, including funding, regulation, subject selection and the big picture are explored. The third section covers ethical issues associated with education in oncology as it reflects both past and future trends in developing proficient health care providers, patients and even executives. Final sections concentrate on the ethical dilemmas associated with the economic repercussions of oncology, offering thoughts on how to alleviate the ethical consequences that can arise from the global effects of cancer and cancer treatment. Each chapter includes discussion topics, answers pertinent questions and provides an ethical framework for problem- solving in each scenario. The topics uncover the ethical apprehensions and problems associated with oncology research and practice in order to determine best practices as well as provide guidance for all parties involved. Offers a diverse range of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology Provides direction by bringing real issues to the forefront Contains a truly ethical approach on problems as broad as research, finance, appropriateness of care, and professional education

Ethical Dilemmas in Cancer Care

Ethical Dilemmas in Cancer Care PDF Author: Basil Arnold Stoll
Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company
ISBN:
Category : Cancer
Languages : en
Pages : 160
Book Description
This book looks at the different dilemmas forced on government and health professionals by the increasing use of technology in medical care, which has changed the role of the doctor, and at the escalating costs of modern high tech both in the USA and Europe.

The Ethical Challenges of Human Research

The Ethical Challenges of Human Research PDF Author: Franklin G. Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199896216
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 336
Book Description
The use of human beings as research subjects poses distinctive ethical issues. Subjects of medical research are exposed to risks of harm for the sake of generating scientific knowledge that can benefit future patients and society. Ethical analysis of the challenges posed by research involving human subjects requires careful attention to the contextual details of scientific experimentation. This book contains 22 essays by Franklin G. Miller on research ethics written over a 15-year period. With the exception of the first essay, all have been previously published in bioethics and medical journals. The book is arranged into four parts. Part One addresses a general ethical perspective on the protection of human subjects in clinical research, including paternalism in research regulation and acceptable limits to research risks. The essays in Part Two examine ethical issues in study design. It includes ethical analyses of controversial types of medical experimentation-studies that provoke psychiatric symptoms, induce infections, provide patients with placebos that withhold proven effective treatments or administer fake invasive procedures, test experimental treatments in cancer patients who have exhausted all standard treatment options, and employ the use of deception to generate scientifically valid data. Part Three offers a systematic critique of "the therapeutic orientation" to clinical trials and the principle of clinical equipoise, which is widely regarded as a fundamental norm for randomized treatment studies. Part Four takes up a range of ethical issues relating to informed consent for research participation, including examination of "the therapeutic misconception" and presentation of a novel approach to the validity of consent: "the fair transaction model." An abiding theme, developed in many of the essays is that the ethics of clinical research is importantly different from the ethics of medical care.

Ethics and Oncology

Ethics and Oncology PDF Author: Monika Bobbert
Publisher: Verlag Karl Alber
ISBN: 3495813438
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 176
Book Description
The advances in oncological therapy as well as the knowledge of the limitations to what is possible pose major ethical challenges for doctors, nurses and patients: The possibilities for treatment in oncology are expanding continuously. As a result patients are involved with increasingly complex treatment decisions, including end of life decisions. As a consequence doctors must inform their patients adequately, deliver difficult news and advise patients and their relatives on treatment goals and changes thereto, e.g. when changing from curative to palliative care. This interdisciplinary conference with experts from a wide range of fields provides an opportunity to initiate and deepen the discussion of the above-mentioned issues.

Nanomedicine for Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Nanomedicine for Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy PDF Author: Arshi Malik
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811575649
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 249
Book Description
This book reviews the current applications and future prospects of nanomaterials in cancer diagnostics and therapy. Nanomaterials have recently emerged as a remarkable and promising tool for cancer therapy and diagnosis, due to their broad range of intrinsic molecular properties. To overcome the current limitations of nanoparticles in drug delivery systems, attempts have been made to synthesize nanoparticles from biological materials for targeted cancer therapy. This book provides concise evaluations of various potential bio-inspired platforms that mimic natural components of the body and offer effective and versatile drug delivery systems for cancer therapy. It also assesses the potential of nanoparticles to enhance the outcomes of cancer immunotherapy via immune cell activation and tumor microenvironment modulation. The book also summarizes in the applications of nanomaterials for the detection, prevention, and treatment of solid tumors and in the treatment of leukemia and lymphomas. In closing, it discusses ethical issues in nanomedicine, including risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication during clinical trials. The book offers offers a valuable source of information for students, academics, researchers, scientists, clinicians, and healthcare professionals working in nanotechnology and cancer research.

Palliative Care

Palliative Care PDF Author: Blair Henry
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781536106077
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 145
Book Description
A great number of cancer patients will suffer some form of social, emotional or psychological distress and challenges as a result of the disease and its treatment. Unattended, psychosocial issues can leave patients and families ill-equipped to cope and manage their cancer diagnosis and treatment. When psychosocial care is properly integrated into clinical care, it has a direct impact on the patients quality of life. Psychosocial aspects must be integrated into routine cancer care. The patient should be screened at their initial visit for psychosocial needs, and survivors should have a treatment plan that includes attention to possible increased anxiety on completing treatment, development of posttraumatic stress symptoms, mixed anxiety and depressive symptoms. In this book, the authors cover clinical, psychosocial and end-of-life aspects.

Ethics and Cancer

Ethics and Cancer PDF Author: Gary B. Weiss
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Cancer
Languages : en
Pages : 260
Book Description
776 references that deal with the ethical issues involved in cancer care and research. Monographic and serial literature cited is multidisciplinary in nature, covering such areas as medicine, philosophy, ethics, law, psychology, psychiatry, social work, and nursing. Alphabetical arrangement by authors. Contains an outline of ethical problem areas. Author, subject, and ethical positions indexes.