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MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes

MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes PDF Author: Cenk Acar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387095365
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 260
Book Description
MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes provides a solid foundation in the theory and fundamental operational principles of micromachined vibratory rate gyroscopes, and introduces structural designs that provide inherent robustness against structural and environmental variations. In the first part, the dynamics of the vibratory gyroscope sensing element is developed, common micro-fabrication processes and methods commonly used in inertial sensor production are summarized, design of mechanical structures for both linear and torsional gyroscopes are presented, and electrical actuation and detection methods are discussed along with details on experimental characterization of MEMS gyroscopes. In the second part, design concepts that improve robustness of the micromachined sensing element are introduced, supported by constructive computational examples and experimental results illustrating the material.

MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes

MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes PDF Author: Cenk Acar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387095365
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 260
Book Description
MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes provides a solid foundation in the theory and fundamental operational principles of micromachined vibratory rate gyroscopes, and introduces structural designs that provide inherent robustness against structural and environmental variations. In the first part, the dynamics of the vibratory gyroscope sensing element is developed, common micro-fabrication processes and methods commonly used in inertial sensor production are summarized, design of mechanical structures for both linear and torsional gyroscopes are presented, and electrical actuation and detection methods are discussed along with details on experimental characterization of MEMS gyroscopes. In the second part, design concepts that improve robustness of the micromachined sensing element are introduced, supported by constructive computational examples and experimental results illustrating the material.

Gyroscopes

Gyroscopes PDF Author: Xuye Zhuang
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789850576
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 112
Book Description
This book covers recent topics on gyroscopes. It briefly introduces the history of gyroscopes, and presents a concise analysis of the main types. The classical structure and main performance parameters of an interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope and an integrated optics passive-resonator gyroscope are analyzed. The developmental progress of a fiber optic gyroscope and its research situation in the United States, Japan, France, and other major developing countries are also presented. An effective autoregressive moving average model was invented to reduce MEMS gyroscope noise behavior. A discrete-time nonlinear attitude tracking control system was verified to achieve the agility and large-angle attitude maneuvers of spacecraft by numerical simulations. MEMS gyroscopes were experimentally demonstrated to be effective tools for gait analysis and to reduce the cost of revealing underlying pathologies.

Optoelectronic Gyroscopes

Optoelectronic Gyroscopes PDF Author: Kamal Nain Chopra
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811583803
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 138
Book Description
The book presents the detailed study of optoelectronic gyroscopes, especially Ring Laser Gyroscopes (RLGs) and Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (FOGs). It discusses their design in detail to optimize their performance, besides explaining the related concepts and the new developments. Other topics covered in this book are double ion beam sputtering for fabricating RLG mirrors on the high quality optical substrates, optical testing, and thin films characterization techniques. The book will be useful for the researchers, professionals, and engineers working in the areas of optical gyroscopes and the related technologies.

Coriolis Vibratory Gyroscopes

Coriolis Vibratory Gyroscopes PDF Author: Vladislav Apostolyuk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319221981
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 117
Book Description
This book provides the latest theoretical analysis and design methodologies of different types of Coriolis vibratory gyroscopes (CVG). Together, the chapters analyze different types of sensitive element designs and their kinematics, derivation of motion equations, analysis of sensitive elements dynamics in modulated and demodulated signals, calculation and optimization of main performance characteristics, and signal processing and control. Essential aspects of numerical simulation of CVG using Simulink® are also covered. This is an ideal book for graduate students, researchers, and engineers working in fields that require gyroscope application, including but not limited to: inertial sensors and systems, automotive and consumer electronics, small unmanned aircraft control systems, personal mobile navigation systems and related software development, and augmented and virtual reality systems.

Whole-Angle MEMS Gyroscopes

Whole-Angle MEMS Gyroscopes PDF Author: Doruk Senkal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119441889
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 176
Book Description
Presents the mathematical framework, technical language, and control systems know-how needed to design, develop, and instrument micro-scale whole-angle gyroscopes This comprehensive reference covers the technical fundamentals, mathematical framework, and common control strategies for degenerate mode gyroscopes, which are used in high-precision navigation applications. It explores various energy loss mechanisms and the effect of structural imperfections, along with requirements for continuous rate integrating gyroscope operation. It also provides information on the fabrication of MEMS whole-angle gyroscopes and the best methods of sustaining oscillations. Whole-Angle Gyroscopes: Challenges and Opportunities begins with a brief overview of the two main types of Coriolis Vibratory Gyroscopes (CVGs): non-degenerate mode gyroscopes and degenerate mode gyroscopes. It then introduces readers to the Foucault Pendulum analogy and a review of MEMS whole angle mode gyroscope development. Chapters cover: dynamics of whole-angle coriolis vibratory gyroscopes; fabrication of whole-angle coriolis vibratory gyroscopes; energy loss mechanisms of coriolis vibratory gyroscopes; and control strategies for whole-angle coriolis vibratory gyro- scopes. The book finishes with a chapter on conventionally machined micro-machined gyroscopes, followed by one on micro-wineglass gyroscopes. In addition, the book: Lowers barrier to entry for aspiring scientists and engineers by providing a solid understanding of the fundamentals and control strategies of degenerate mode gyroscopes Organizes mode-matched mechanical gyroscopes based on three classifications: wine-glass, ring/disk, and mass spring mechanical elements Includes case studies on conventionally micro-machined and 3-D micro-machined gyroscopes Whole-Angle Gyroscopes is an ideal book for researchers, scientists, engineers, and college/graduate students involved in the technology. It will also be of great benefit to engineers in control systems, MEMS production, electronics, and semi-conductors who work with inertial sensors.

Non-driven Micromechanical Gyroscopes and Their Applications

Non-driven Micromechanical Gyroscopes and Their Applications PDF Author: Fuxue Zhang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662540452
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 361
Book Description
This book comprehensively and systematically introduces readers to the theories, structures, performance and applications of non-driven mechanical and non-driven micromechanical gyroscopes. The book is divided into three parts, the first of which mainly addresses mathematic models, precision, performance and operating error in non-driven mechanical gyroscopes. The second part focuses on the operating theory, error, phase shift and performance experiments involving non-driven micromechanical gyroscopes in rotating flight carriers, while the third part shares insights into the application of non-driven micromechanical gyroscopes in control systems for rotating flight carriers. The book offers a unique resource for all researchers and engineers who are interested in the use of inertial devices and automatic control systems for rotating flight carriers. It can also serve as a reference book for undergraduates, graduates and instructors in related fields at colleges and universities.

Cylindrical Vibratory Gyroscope

Cylindrical Vibratory Gyroscope PDF Author: Xuezhong Wu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811627266
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 202
Book Description
This book introduces readers to the shell structure, operating principle, manufacturing process, and control theory for cylindrical vibratory gyroscopes. The cylindrical vibratory gyroscope is an important type of Coriolis vibratory gyroscope that holds considerable potential for development and application. The main aspects addressed include: operating principle and structure, theoretical analysis and modeling, dynamic analysis and modeling, manufacturing process, parameter testing methods, closed-loop control, and the error compensation mechanism in cylindrical vibratory gyroscopes.

Advances in Gyroscope Technologies

Advances in Gyroscope Technologies PDF Author: Mario N. Armenise
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642154948
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 117
Book Description
This monograph collects and critically reviews the main results obtained by the scientific community in gyroscope technologies research field. It describes architectures, design techniques and fabrication technology of angular rate sensors proposed in literature. MEMS, MOEMS, optical and mechanical technologies are discussed together with achievable performance. The book also consideres future research trends aimed to cover special applications. The book is intended for researchers and Ph.D. students interested in modelling, design and fabrication of gyros. The book may be a useful education support in some university courses focused on gyro technologies.

Theory of Gyroscopic Effects for Rotating Objects

Theory of Gyroscopic Effects for Rotating Objects PDF Author: Ryspek Usubamatov
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030992136
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 291
Book Description
This book highlights an analytical solution for the dynamics of axially rotating objects. It also presents the theory of gyroscopic effects, explaining their physics and using mathematical models of Euler’s form for the motion of movable spinning objects to demonstrate these effects. The major themes and approaches are represented by the spinning disc and the action of the system of interrelated inertial torques generated by the centrifugal and Coriolis forces, as well as the change in the angular momentum. The interrelation of inertial torques is based on the dependency of the angular velocities of the motions of the spinning objects around axes by the principle of mechanical energy conservation. These kinetically interrelated torques constitute the fundamental principles of the mechanical gyroscope theory that can be used for any rotating objects of different designs, like rings, cones, spheres, paraboloids, propellers, etc. Lastly, the mathematical models for the gyroscopic effects are validated by practical tests. The 2nd edition became necessary due to new development and corrections of mathematical expressions: It contains new chapters about the Tippe top inversion and inversion of the spinning object in an orbital flight and the boomerang aerodynamics.

The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope, Third Edition

The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope, Third Edition PDF Author: Herve C. Lefevre
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1630818631
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 500
Book Description
This landmark work – considered by many in the field to be THE reference on fiber-optic gyroscopes (FOGs) – provides you with a complete and thorough system analysis of the FOG and remains unmatched by any other single source. Now in its third edition, this fully updated and authoritative book: Gives you access to all the details you need to know about optics, single-mode fiber optics, and integrated optics to fully grasp the design rules of the fiber-optic gyroscope Helps you understand the concepts that have emerged as the preferred solutions to obtain a practical device Guides you through the advances that have occurred in the last seven years since the previous edition was published and how they are implemented in the current FOGs Drawing on 45 years of research and development, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope, Third Edition, features new content on the relationship between white-noise power spectral density and random walk; Allan variance; testing with optical coherence domain polarimetry; a new simple mechanical model of the thermally induced stresses and related strains in the sensing coil; simple viewing of the reduction of the Shupe effect with symmetrical windings; and comments about dispersion and birefringence dispersion. The book contains over 350 illustrations (including 70 new figures) and many helpful appendixes, and gives you everything you need to understand the fiber gyro. The author is a leading expert in this field and is one of the early pioneers of the practical optical architecture and signal processing technique that is universally used in today’s FOGs. This is a must-have reference for anyone working with FOGs, from students and academics learning about the device, to optoelectronics engineers and professionals needing to stay abreast of the current concepts and recent advances.