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Learning Curves

Learning Curves PDF Author: Mohamad Y. Jaber
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143980740X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 476
Book Description
Written by international contributors, Learning Curves: Theory, Models, and Applications first draws a learning map that shows where learning is involved within organizations, then examines how it can be sustained, perfected, and accelerated. The book reviews empirical findings in the literature in terms of different sources for learning and partial assessments of the steps that make up the actual learning process inside the learning curve. Traditionally, books on learning curves have focused either on cost accounting or production planning and control. In these books, the learning curve has been treated as a forecasting tool. This book synthesizes current research and presents a clear picture of organizational learning curves. It explores how organizations improve other measures of organizational performance including quality, inventory, and productivity, then looks inside the learning curve to determine the actual processes through which organizations learn.

Learning Curves

Learning Curves PDF Author: Mohamad Y. Jaber
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143980740X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 476
Book Description
Written by international contributors, Learning Curves: Theory, Models, and Applications first draws a learning map that shows where learning is involved within organizations, then examines how it can be sustained, perfected, and accelerated. The book reviews empirical findings in the literature in terms of different sources for learning and partial assessments of the steps that make up the actual learning process inside the learning curve. Traditionally, books on learning curves have focused either on cost accounting or production planning and control. In these books, the learning curve has been treated as a forecasting tool. This book synthesizes current research and presents a clear picture of organizational learning curves. It explores how organizations improve other measures of organizational performance including quality, inventory, and productivity, then looks inside the learning curve to determine the actual processes through which organizations learn.

HUMAN LEARNING: From Learning Curves to Learning Organizations

HUMAN LEARNING: From Learning Curves to Learning Organizations PDF Author: Ezey M. Dar-El
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475731132
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 236
Book Description
Learning plays a fundamental role in the production planning and growth of all organizations. With the need for more rapid changes in the global economy, the management of organizational change is a key factor in sustaining competitiveness in today's economy. This book has been developed with these `learning needs' in mind. Human Learning:From Learning Curves to Learning Organizations covers a broad range of learning models and related topics beginning with learning curves to recent research on learning organizations. The book's focus is to enable researchers and practitioners to forecast any organization's `learning needs' using the prediction aspects of an array of learning models. The book includes research and application discussions on topics such as accounting for previous experience; the `learning-forgetting-relearning' phenomenon; parameter estimation with no previous experience; DeJong's incompressibility model; predictive learning models requiring only two learning parameters; long learning cycle times; the speed-error relationship; evaluating the cost of learning from the point of view of safety; and an examination of Learning Organizations. Each chapter is developed from published research and worked examples are used throughout.

Learning, Unlearning and Re-Learning Curves

Learning, Unlearning and Re-Learning Curves PDF Author: Alan R. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351661477
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304
Book Description
Learning, Unlearning and Re-learning Curves (Volume IV of the Working Guides to Estimating & Forecasting series) focuses in on Learning Curves, and the various tried and tested models of Wright, Crawford, DeJong, Towill-Bevis and others. It explores the differences and similarities between the various models and examines the key properties that Estimators and Forecasters can exploit. A discussion about Learning Curve Cost Drivers leads to the consideration of a little used but very powerful technique of Learning Curve modelling called Segmentation, which looks at an organisation’s complex learning curve as the product of multiple shallower learning curves. Perhaps the biggest benefit is that it simplifies the calculations in Microsoft Excel where there is a change in the rate of learning observed or expected. The same technique can be used to model and calibrate discontinuities in the learning process that result in setbacks and uplifts in time or cost. This technique is compared with other, better known techniques such as Anderlohr’s. Equivalent Unit Learning is another, relative new technique that can be used alongside traditional completed unit learning to give an early warning of changes in the rates of learning. Finally, a Learning Curve can be exploited to estimate the penalty of collaborative working across multiple partners. Supported by a wealth of figures and tables, this is a valuable resource for estimators, engineers, accountants, project risk specialists, as well as students of cost engineering.

Beyond the Learning Curve

Beyond the Learning Curve PDF Author: Craig P. Speelman
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198508859
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 299
Book Description
Reviewing and considering the psychology of skill acquisition, this book proposes a different theory of mental function - demonstrating that the mind is subject to the same natural laws as the physical world. It is useful for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences.

An Investigation of Learning and Experience Curves

An Investigation of Learning and Experience Curves PDF Author: Frank Krawiec
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Economic forecasting
Languages : en
Pages : 190
Book Description
This study assesses the applicability of learning and experience curves for predicting future costs of solar technologies, and the major test case is the production economics of heliostats. Alternative methods for estimating cost reductions in systems manufacture are discussed, and procedures for using learning and experience curves to predict costs are outlined. Because adequate production data often do not exist, production histories of analogous products/processes are analyzed and learning and aggregated cost curves for these surrogates estimated. If the surrogate learning curves apply, they can be used to estimate solar technology costs. The steps involved in generating these cost estimates are given. Second-generation glass-steel and inflated-bubble heliostat design concepts, developed by MDAC and GE, respectively, are described; a costing scenario for 25,000 units/yr is detailed; surrogates for cost analysis are chosen; learning and aggregate cost curves are estimated; and aggregate cost curves for the GE and MDAC designs are estimated. However, an approach that combines a neoclassical production function with a learning-by-doing hypothesis is needed to yield a cost relation compatible with the historical learning curve and the traditional cost function of economic theory.

Inside the Organizational Learning Curve

Inside the Organizational Learning Curve PDF Author: Michael A. Lapré
Publisher: Now Publishers Inc
ISBN: 1601984324
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 116
Book Description
Inside the Organizational Learning Curve provides an in-depth understanding of the organizational learning curve and why significant differences in the rate of learning exist across organizations. Few studies have "stepped inside the learning curve" to provide greater understanding of the organizational learning process underlying the learning curve. We contend that this understanding is essential for helping organizations learn better and faster, and thus, operate more effectively and efficiently in a dynamic world. Therefore, not only do we examine what is known about organizational learning curves, but also what is known about the organizational learning process. By integrating research from both operations and organizational behavior disciplines, the authors provide a more comprehensive understanding of organizational learning and the organizational learning curve. Inside the Organizational Learning Curve is organized as follows. It begins by reviewing the definition of organizational learning and where it occurs in organizations. In Section 2, it shifts attention to its primary focus - the organizational learning curve. The authors review various learning curve models summarizing the evidence from these models, which shows tremendous variation in organizational learning rates. Section 3 reviews frameworks for understanding this variation in learning rates and discusses variation that arises from differences in experience, deliberate learning activities, and other key sources. Section 4 examines the relative effectiveness of experience versus deliberate learning activities as sources of learning, and contends that these sources of learning affect performance through a process. Section 5 describes the steps that characterize the learning process inside the learning curve: from learning to better organizational knowledge to changed behavior to organizational performance. The authors discuss the significant challenges organizations need to overcome in order to advance along these steps.

An Introduction To Psychology

An Introduction To Psychology PDF Author: S.K. Mangal
Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd
ISBN: 9788120718401
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 236
Book Description
Human behaviour is quite complex. Success in interpersonal relations depends on a proper understanding of it. The present book provides an introductory course for this very purpose. It studies human behaviour in its various aspects: physiological, emotional, mental and social. The book will be useful to students of pyschology of different boards of education and universities. For general reader, ir would serve as a workable base for further study of the subject. The subject matter has been presented in a simple, informative style so that the reader may be able to understand essential terminology, facts and concepts abour human behaviour.

Strategic Supply Management

Strategic Supply Management PDF Author: Robert J. Trent
Publisher: J. Ross Publishing
ISBN: 9781932159677
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 324
Book Description
Supply management, the management of suppliers, and improved supply base relationships are hot topics. This highly readable book presents a framework for achieving sustainable competitive advantage through progressive supply management leadership and approaches. It presents in a concise yet informative manner the need for supply leadership, the organizational enablers that must be in place, and the strategies and approaches that leading organizations pursue to achieve advantages in price and cost, quality, cycle time, technology, flexibility, and end customer responsiveness. Strategic Supply Management includes a logical and comprehensive framework that features findings and insights gained from over seven major supply management research projects and dozens of case visits with leading companies.

Organizational Learning

Organizational Learning PDF Author: Linda Argote
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792384205
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 238
Book Description
Why do some organizations learn at faster rates than others? Why do organizations "forget"? Could productivity gains acquired in one part of an organization be transferred to another? Learning curves have been documented in many organizations, in both the manufacturing and service sectors. The classic learning curve model implies that organizational learning is cumulative and persists through time. However, recent work suggests that firms also demonstrate depreciation of knowledge, or "forgetting". Such understanding becomes more exciting as one looks at the link between learning and productivity. Organizational Learning: Creating, Retaining and Transferring Knowledge describes and integrates the results of research on factors explaining organizational learning curves and the persistence and transfer of productivity gains acquired through experience. Chapter One provides an overview of research on organizational learning curves. Chapter Two introduces the concept of organizational "forgetting" or knowledge depreciation. Chapter Three discusses the concept of organizational memory. Chapter Four argues that analyzing small groups provides understanding at a micro level of the social processes through which organizations create and combine knowledge. Chapter Five describes results on knowledge transfer. Chapter Six discusses various tensions and trade-offs in the organizational learning process.

Cost Estimator's Reference Manual

Cost Estimator's Reference Manual PDF Author: Rodney D. Stewart
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471305101
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 744
Book Description
In today's hypercompetitive global marketplace, accurate costestimating is crucial to bottom-line results. Nowhere is this moreevident than in the design and development of new products andservices. Among managing engineers responsible for developingrealistic cost estimates for new product designs, the number-onesource of information and guidance has been the Cost Estimator'sReference Manual. Comprehensive, authoritative, and practical, the Manual instructsreaders in the full range of cost estimating techniques andprocedures currently used in the fields of development, testing,manufacturing, production, construction, software, generalservices, government contracting, engineering services, scientificprojects, and proposal preparation. The authors clearly explain howto go about gathering the data essential to preparing a realisticestimate of costs and guide the reader step by step through eachprocedure. This new Second Edition incorporates a decade of progress in themethods, procedures, and strategies of cost estimating. All thematerial has been updated and five new chapters have been added toreflect the most recent information on such increasingly importanttopics as activity-based costing, software estimating,design-to-cost techniques, and cost implications of new concurrentengineering and systems engineering approaches to projects. Indispensable to virtually anyone whose work requires accurate costestimates, the Cost Estimator's Reference Manual will be especiallyvaluable to engineers, estimators, accountants, and contractors ofproducts, projects, processes, and services to both government andindustry. The essential ready-reference for the techniques, methods, andprocedures of cost estimating COST ESTIMATOR'S REFERENCE MANUAL Second Edition Indispensable for anyone who depends on accurate cost estimates forengineering projects, the Cost Estimator's Reference Manual guidesthe user through both the basic and more sophisticated aspects ofthe estimating process. Authoritative and comprehensive, the Manualseamlessly integrates the many functions--accounting, financial,statistical, and management--of modern cost estimating practice.Its broad coverage includes estimating procedures applied to suchareas as: * Production * Software * Development * General services * Testing * Government contracting * Manufacturing * Engineering * Proposal preparation * Scientific projects * Construction This updated and expanded Second Edition incorporates all the mostimportant recent developments in cost estimating, such asactivity-based costing, software estimating, design-to-costtechniques, computer-aided estimating tools, concurrentengineering, and life cycle costing. For engineers, estimators, accountants, planners, and others whoare involved in the cost aspects of projects, the Cost Estimator'sReference Manual is an invaluable information source that will payfor itself many times over.