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Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture PDF Author: S. Gianinazzi
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034881177
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 296
Book Description
Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) is the most common mycorrhizal type involved in agricultural systems, and the most widespread plant root symbiosis. The fungi involved (Glomales) are known to promote plant growth and health by acting as biofertilizers, bioprotectors and bioregulators. The main aim of this book is to provide readers with theoretical and applied knowledge essential for the use of AM fungi in improving plant health and fitness, production of high quality food and in conservation of natural resources. The different chapters target understanding the role of AM fungi in sustainable crop production, discussing ways to improve biological equilibria between microorganisms in the mycorrhizosphere, analysing genetic, physiological, cellular and molecular bases of AM functioning and establishing technologies for inoculum production, according to the regulatory guidelines for application.

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture PDF Author: S. Gianinazzi
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034881177
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 296
Book Description
Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) is the most common mycorrhizal type involved in agricultural systems, and the most widespread plant root symbiosis. The fungi involved (Glomales) are known to promote plant growth and health by acting as biofertilizers, bioprotectors and bioregulators. The main aim of this book is to provide readers with theoretical and applied knowledge essential for the use of AM fungi in improving plant health and fitness, production of high quality food and in conservation of natural resources. The different chapters target understanding the role of AM fungi in sustainable crop production, discussing ways to improve biological equilibria between microorganisms in the mycorrhizosphere, analysing genetic, physiological, cellular and molecular bases of AM functioning and establishing technologies for inoculum production, according to the regulatory guidelines for application.

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture PDF Author: S. Gianinazzi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 296
Book Description
The rhizosphere of mycorrhizal plants. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil bacteria: from cellular investigations to biotechnological perspectives. Bases of the obligate biotrophy of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal mycelium: from germlings to hyphal networks. Biolistic transformation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: advances and pplications. Arbuscular mycorrhizal modifications to plant root systems: scale, mechanisms and consequences. Plant genes involved in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation and functioning. Plant defense responses induced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Arbuscular mycorrhiza induced ATPases and membrane nutrient transport mechanisms. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi nitrate assimilation: Genes and ecophysiological aspects. An ecological point of view on arbuscular mycorrhiza research. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, an essential component of soil. Application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the revegetation. Potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for bioremediation. The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to the control. Mycorrhization as a stress adaptation procedure. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in low input agriculture. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and micropropagation of high value crops. Ecological considerations for successful application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculum. Selecting arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for field application. Directed inoculum production - shall we be able to design populations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to achieve predictable symbiotic effectiveness?. Quality control of arbuscular mycoIThizal fungi inoculum in Europe.

Advances in Mycorrhizal Science and Technology

Advances in Mycorrhizal Science and Technology PDF Author: Damase Khasa
Publisher: NRC Research Press
ISBN: 0660198835
Category : Mycorrhizal fungi
Languages : en
Pages : 197
Book Description
Mycorrhizal symbioses are widespread and fundamental components of terrestrial ecosystems and have shaped plant evolution. Features such topics as plant/fungal communication, the interaction of mycorrhizal fungi with other soil microorganisms, and the use of mycorrhizal fungi in plant-production systems.

Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry PDF Author: Zaki Anwar Siddiqui
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402087705
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 362
Book Description
Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant resistance and biocontrol of plant pathogens. This book discusses and goes into detail on a number of topics: the molecular basis of nutrient exchange between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and host plants; the role of AM fungi in disease protection, alleviation of soil stresses and increasing grain production; interactions of AM fungi and beneficial saprophytic mycoflora in terms of plant growth promotion; the role of AM fungi in the restoration of native ecosystems; indirect contributions of AM fungi and soil aggregation to plant growth and mycorrhizosphere effect of multitrophic interaction; the mechanisms by which mycorrhizas change a disturbed ecosystem into productive land; the importance of reinstallation of mycorrhizal systems in the rhizosphere is emphasized and their impact on landscape regeneration, and in bioremediation of contaminated soils; Ectomycorrhizae (ECM) and their importance in forest ecosystems and associations of ECM in tropical rain forests function to maintain tropical monodominance; in vitro mycorrhization of micro-propagated plants, and visualizing and quantifying endorhizal fungi; the use of mycorrhizae, mainly AM and ECM, for sustainable agriculture and forestry.

Mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza PDF Author: Ajit Varma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540788263
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 797
Book Description
This book is perfectly timed for the worldwide explosion of interest in mycorrhizal research. With a strong emphasis on the latest findings in genetics and molecular biology, it contains all current information and speculation on the structure, function and biotechnological applications of mycorrhizas.

Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering

Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering PDF Author: Egui Zhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642275370
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 994
Book Description
This volume comprises the papers from 2011 International Conference on Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering (ICITAE 2011). 2011 International Conference on Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering (ICITAE 2011) has been held in Sanya, China, December 1-2, 2011. All the papers have been peer reviewed by the selected experts. These papers represent the latest development in the field of materials manufacturing technology, spanning from the fundamentals to new technologies and applications. Specially, these papers cover the topics of Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering. This book provides a greatly valuable reference for researchers in the field of Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering who wish to further understand the underlying mechanisms and create innovative and practical techniques, systems and processes. It should also be particularly useful for engineers in information technology and agriculture who are responsible for the efficient and effective operations.

Microbial Technology for the Welfare of Society

Microbial Technology for the Welfare of Society PDF Author: Pankaj Kumar Arora
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981138844X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 341
Book Description
This book describes various aspects of modern microbiology including microbial enzymes, secondary metabolites, next-generation sequencing, microbial-based biopesticides, microbial-based cancer therapies, biodiesel, and microbial products from fermentation, biodegradation, bioremediation and wastewater treatment. Further, it explains how and why microbes play an important role in preserving the welfare of living beings and the environment. Many bacteria play a significant part in cleaning our environment by detoxifying various xenobiotic compounds, while several microbes produce secondary metabolites that are useful to human beings. The book is divided into 15 chapters that cover various aspects of microorganism-based biotechnology, including recent methodologies such as advanced molecular techniques, as well developments in classical microbiological techniques. The authors also explain how the latest and classical techniques are being used in modern-day microbial biotechnology. All chapters were written by experts from prominent universities, research laboratories, and institutes around the globe. Above all, they focus on recent advances in microbial technology that promote the welfare of living beings and the environment.

Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas on Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Ecosystems

Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas on Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Ecosystems PDF Author: Silvio Gianiazzi
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034885040
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 227
Book Description
This book, prepared by participants of the European network COST ACTION 810 (1989-93) is the outcome of a meeting held in Switzerland (Einsiedeln, September 29 to October 2, 1993) on the "Impact of arbuscular mycorrhizas on sustainable agriculture and natural ecosystems". COST(Cooperation Scientifique et Technique) Networks were created in 1971 by the Commission of European Communities, and later enlarged to include non-European Member States, to promote pre-competitive scientific and technical research in fields of common interest. During the eighties, COST ACTIONS were launched in bio technological fields, including the network on arbuscular mycorrhizas. Arbuscular mycorrhizas are a universally found symbiosis between plants and certain soil fungi and essential components of soil-plant systems. They act as a major inter face by influencing or regulating resource allocation between abiotic and biotic components of the soil-plant system. Arbuscular mycorrhizas are involved in many key ecosystem processes including nutrient cycling and conservation of soil struc ture, and have been shown to improve plant health through increased protection against abiotic and biotic stresses. Sustainability can be defined as the successful management of resources to satisfy changing human needs while maintaining or enhancing the quality of the environ ment and conserving resources. Increasing environmental degradation and instability, due to anthropogenic activities and in particular the increasing fragility of the soil resource, has led to an increased awareness of the need to develop practices resulting in more sustainable natural and agroecosystems.

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE PDF Author: J. C. Tarafdar
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9387307263
Category : Agricultural ecology
Languages : en
Pages : 369
Book Description
The purpose of this book is to draw attention to the ill-health of the soil; to indicate some of the consequences of this; to suggest method by which the lost fertility could be restored and to enlist research findings to utilize in making farm products as well as farm resources free from chemical pollution. This book provides an overall review of different tools for organic agriculture followed by discussions on sustainability.

Mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza PDF Author: A. Prakash
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 938774129X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 291
Book Description
The compendium is a compilation of research papers, covering various aspects of mycorrhiza, presented at the National Conference on Mycorrhiza held at Barkatullah University, Bhopal. There, the contributors come from different field of research have discussed - in recent future it will be possible the application of mycorrhizal inoculum in large-scale by developing cost-effective technology. Also demonstrations of the use of mycorrhizal-technology have to be carried out in farmer's field and forest nurseries to show the benefits of mycorrhiza in enhancing plant growth and reducing chemical fertilizer use in cultivation practices. The departments, companies and NGOs involved in afforestation and agricultural activities are advised to include eco-friendly mycorrhizal-technology in their programmes, thus, helping in reducing the use of chemicals. The book will serve as a useful guide for conducting further research studies on the interactions between plant and mycorrhiza.