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Pollution and Pathogen

Pollution and Pathogen PDF Author: Shamee Kausar
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846531921
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 208
Book Description
Among cereal crops wheat is a major food and important commodity of the world grain market.In India it is second important food crop.Since air pollution is a relatively new factor in agriculture, its impact including on diseases caused by various biotic pathogens needs to be thoroughly examined. This book is a step to find out relationship between two groups of pathogens: Anguina tritici (biotic) and air pollutants i.e. SO2, acid rain, fly ash (abiotic) on a common host (wheat). The host-parasite relationships of both pathogens were different. The expected impacts of both pathogens separately in artificial treatments on wheat were direct.Three type of interaction may exist between these air pollutants and A. tritici in a common pathosystem, synergistic, antagonistic and neutral relationship.However, combined impacts were different. Both the pathogens interacted antagonistically, whenever they combined together irrespective of pre, post and concomitant inoculations. That's why according to antagonistic interaction formula, the combined effects of both pathogens (P1 and P2) were always found less than the sum of their individual effects (effect P1 P2

Pollution and Pathogen

Pollution and Pathogen PDF Author: Shamee Kausar
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846531921
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 208
Book Description
Among cereal crops wheat is a major food and important commodity of the world grain market.In India it is second important food crop.Since air pollution is a relatively new factor in agriculture, its impact including on diseases caused by various biotic pathogens needs to be thoroughly examined. This book is a step to find out relationship between two groups of pathogens: Anguina tritici (biotic) and air pollutants i.e. SO2, acid rain, fly ash (abiotic) on a common host (wheat). The host-parasite relationships of both pathogens were different. The expected impacts of both pathogens separately in artificial treatments on wheat were direct.Three type of interaction may exist between these air pollutants and A. tritici in a common pathosystem, synergistic, antagonistic and neutral relationship.However, combined impacts were different. Both the pathogens interacted antagonistically, whenever they combined together irrespective of pre, post and concomitant inoculations. That's why according to antagonistic interaction formula, the combined effects of both pathogens (P1 and P2) were always found less than the sum of their individual effects (effect P1 P2

Air Pollution and Plant Life

Air Pollution and Plant Life PDF Author: J. N. B. Bell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471490913
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 484
Book Description
This standard textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the direct and indirect impacts of air pollution on plant life. Written by an international team of experts, the book covers the main historical aspects and sources of pollutants, atmospheric transport and transformations of pollutants, and issues of global change and the use of science in air pollution policy formulation. * covers all the main phytotoxic pollutants with due consideration given to impacts at all levels of plant organisation from molecular to ecological. * emphasises the effects of air pollutants in altering plant response to common stresses, both abiotic and biotic - fields in which considerable progress has been made since publication of the first edition. * includes coverage of how research leads to pollution control policy development. Essential reading for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture, as well as environmental consultants and professionals involved in air quality research and the application of air quality guidelines and advice.

Riverbank Filtration: Understanding Contaminant Biogeochemistry and Pathogen Removal

Riverbank Filtration: Understanding Contaminant Biogeochemistry and Pathogen Removal PDF Author: C. Ray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402009556
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278
Book Description
Riverbank filtration is widely used in Europe and to some extent in the United States for the public water supply. It is a cost-effective and realisable treatment technology in which horizontal and vertical wells pump a mixture of ground water and induced surface water from a river. This book describes the biogeochemical issues involved in contaminant removal from surface water and the mechanisms of pathogen removal. Specifically, the following three points are considered: *The role of hydrogeological and well construction factors in the development of redox zones at bank filtration sites and the resulting impacts on contaminant removal. *The mechanisms of pathogen removal, including the processes, colloid filtration, die-away, decay, and predation. *The status of riverbank filtration processes in NATO partner countries.

Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases

Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases PDF Author: Fabio Capello
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319627317
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 679
Book Description
This book examines in detail the clinical implications of those diseases that either are primarily triggered by air pollution or represent direct consequences of air pollutants. The aim is to provide medical practitioners with practical solutions to issues in diagnosis and treatment while simultaneously furnishing other interested parties with crucial information on the field. The book introduces the concept that air pollution-related diseases constitute a new class of pathologies. A wide range of conditions mainly attributable to air pollution are discussed, covering different body systems and pollution impacts in subsets of the population. In addition to presenting state of the art overviews of clinical aspects, the book carefully examines the implications of current knowledge for social and public health strategies aimed at disease prevention and prophylaxis. The Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases will greatly assist doctors and healthcare workers when dealing with the consequences of air pollution in their everyday practice and will provide researchers, industry, and policymakers with valuable facts and insights.

Marine Pollution

Marine Pollution PDF Author: Ricardo Beiras
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128137371
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408
Book Description
Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems bring together the theoretical background on common and emerging marine pollutants and their effects on organisms (ecotoxicology). Written by a well-renowned expert in the field who is a researcher, teacher and advisor of national and international institutions on issues, such as oil spills, water quality assessment and plastic pollution, the book offers a thorough account of the effects (ecotoxicology) of pollutants on marine organisms and the public health implications, along with the biological tools advocated by the international institutions for marine pollution monitoring. Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems presents information in a rigorous and contrasted manner derived from a comprehensive review of solid scientific knowledge, but also illustrated with examples of practical applications. Contains up-to-date background levels and regulations on marine pollutants Conveys an in-depth analysis of the uptake, accumulation and fate of pollutants in the marine compartments Delivers a critical appraisal on biological tools for the practical monitoring of coastal pollution Includes a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and appendices with useful transversal information (units, acronyms, etc.)

Understanding Environmental Pollution

Understanding Environmental Pollution PDF Author: Marquita K. Hill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486403
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 603
Book Description
The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.

Air Pollution and Ecosystems

Air Pollution and Ecosystems PDF Author: P. Mathy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400940033
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1004
Book Description
In the concluding session of the symposium "Acid Deposition, a Challenge for Europe" held in Karlsruhe in September 1983, Dr. GINJAAR, the former Minister of Health and Environmental Protection of the Netherlands, emphasised the need for setting up a concerted research programme including the effects of air pollution on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The Council of Ministers of the European Community in 1984 adopted a revision of the 3rd Community Programme on Environment comprising contract research and concerted action in the field of the effects of air pollution in eco systems. These research areas were also introduced in the 4th R-D Community Programme on Environment, adopted by the Council of Ministers in 1986 and are subject again to contract research and concerted action. The Commission of the European Community is very concerned to increase the effectiveness of researcn projects carried out within the national programmes, and those undertaken at the Community level. The Commission tends to develop an integrated scientific approach, including not only the physico-chemical behaviour, the transport and the deposition of airborne pollutants but also the effects of these pollutants, in particular on living organisms and ecosystems. With regard to the specific issue of the effects, the Commission is trying to develop and strengthen a multi-disciplinary approach associating biologists, pathologists, eco physiologists, and specialists of soil sciences, within the concerted action, as well as within coordinated research projects.

Gaseous Air Pollutants and Plant Metabolism

Gaseous Air Pollutants and Plant Metabolism PDF Author: M. J. KozioĊ‚
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483165361
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
Book Description
Gaseous Air Pollutants and Plant Metabolism mainly talks about plants and air pollution. The publication of this book is inspired by a symposium on plants and pollution, which generated great interest among the personnel related to the field. The book begins with a brief background on air pollution and continues with a discussion on different types, effects, and solutions to the pollution. The book also features studies about the gaseous air pollution in North America, China, and Japan. The chapters that follow explore the different effects of pollution on chloroplasts, respiration, biochemistry, plant, and plant cells. The text is a valuable reference to undergraduates or postgraduates of chemistry and its related studies.

Marine Pollution and Human Health

Marine Pollution and Human Health PDF Author: R E Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849732876
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 182
Book Description
There is growing concern about the state of the world's oceans. The rapid growth of human populations in coastal regions has led to increasing dependence on marine resources. Beneficial features related to food supply and life style need to be balanced against the hazards presented by microbial pathogens, chemical pollutants, and toxic algal blooms. In this book, a group of experts from a range of backgrounds review the key aspects of the marine environment in relation to human health. An initial overview explains the need for integrating a range of disciplines, from physical oceanography and marine biology to molecular biology and epidemiology. Only by this approach can we hope to predict the consequences of environmental change and exploitation of natural resources upon our coastal ecosystems and, ultimately, on society and human health. Subsequent chapters then focus on more specialized topics. Firstly, waterborne pathogens are reviewed in detail and the microbial measures and policy implications important for protecting humans from exposure are described. Next, the consumption of contaminated seafood is considered along with its implications regarding the growth of aquaculture. Priority pollutants, emerging contaminants, and plastics are investigated as are the effects of climate change on pollution. Some phytoplankton produce biotoxins which accumulate in the flesh of filter-feeders such as bivalve molluscs. This creates a health risk when the shellfish are consumed by humans. The penultimate chapter, therefore, concentrates on harmful algal blooms (HABs) and the methodologies used to safeguard human health. The book concludes by proposing a holistic systems approach, such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management, to address the interconnected scientific challenges of increased human population pressure, pollution, over-exploitation of food resources, and the urgent need for effective public health solutions to be developed from politically and environmentally meaningful policies.

National Marine Pollution Program Plan, Federal Plan for Ocean Pollution Research, Development & Monitoring

National Marine Pollution Program Plan, Federal Plan for Ocean Pollution Research, Development & Monitoring PDF Author: United States. National Marine Pollution Program Office
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Marine pollution
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description