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Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions

Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309091853
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 94
Book Description
Principal-investigator (PI) Earth science missions are small, focused science projects involving relatively small spacecraft. The selected PI is responsible for the scientific and programmatic success of the entire project. A particular objective of PI-led missions has been to help develop university-based research capacity. Such missions, however, pose significant challenges that are beyond the capabilities of most universities to manage. To help NASA’s Office of Earth Science determine how best to address these, the NRC carried out an assessment of key issues relevant to the success of university-based PI-led Earth observation missions. This report presents the result of that study. In particular, the report provides an analysis of opportunities to enhance such missions and recommendations about whether and, if so, how they should be used to build university-based research capabilities.

Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions

Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309091853
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 94
Book Description
Principal-investigator (PI) Earth science missions are small, focused science projects involving relatively small spacecraft. The selected PI is responsible for the scientific and programmatic success of the entire project. A particular objective of PI-led missions has been to help develop university-based research capacity. Such missions, however, pose significant challenges that are beyond the capabilities of most universities to manage. To help NASA’s Office of Earth Science determine how best to address these, the NRC carried out an assessment of key issues relevant to the success of university-based PI-led Earth observation missions. This report presents the result of that study. In particular, the report provides an analysis of opportunities to enhance such missions and recommendations about whether and, if so, how they should be used to build university-based research capabilities.

Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions

Steps to Facilitate Principal-Investigator-Led Earth Science Missions PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309166300
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 94
Book Description
Principal-investigator (PI) Earth science missions are small, focused science projects involving relatively small spacecraft. The selected PI is responsible for the scientific and programmatic success of the entire project. A particular objective of PI-led missions has been to help develop university-based research capacity. Such missions, however, pose significant challenges that are beyond the capabilities of most universities to manage. To help NASA’s Office of Earth Science determine how best to address these, the NRC carried out an assessment of key issues relevant to the success of university-based PI-led Earth observation missions. This report presents the result of that study. In particular, the report provides an analysis of opportunities to enhance such missions and recommendations about whether and, if so, how they should be used to build university-based research capabilities.

Principal-Investigator-Led Missions in the Space Sciences

Principal-Investigator-Led Missions in the Space Sciences PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309100704
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 132
Book Description
Principal Investigator-Led (PI-led) missions are an important element of NASA’s space science enterprise. While several NRC studies have considered aspects of PI-led missions in the course of other studies for NASA, issues facing the PI-led missions in general have not been subject to much analysis in those studies. Nevertheless, these issues are raising increasingly important questions for NASA, and it requested the NRC to explore them as they currently affect PI-led missions. Among the issues NASA asked to have examined were those concerning cost and scheduling, the selection process, relationships among PI-led team members, and opportunities for knowledge transfer to new PIs. This report provides a discussion of the evolution and current status of the PIled mission concept, the ways in which certain practices have affected its performance, and the steps that can carry it successfully into the future. The study was done in collaboration with the National Academy of Public Administration.

Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Collaboration on Space and Earth Science Missions

Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Collaboration on Space and Earth Science Missions PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309163501
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 80
Book Description
Through an examination of case studies, agency briefings, and existing reports, and drawing on personal knowledge and direct experience, the Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions found that candidate projects for multiagency collaboration in the development and implementation of Earth-observing or space science missions are often intrinsically complex and, therefore costly, and that a multiagency approach to developing these missions typically results in additional complexity and cost. Advocates of collaboration have sometimes underestimated the difficulties and associated costs and risks of dividing responsibility and accountability between two or more partners; they also discount the possibility that collaboration will increase the risk in meeting performance objectives. This committee's principal recommendation is that agencies should conduct Earth and space science projects independently unless: It is judged that cooperation will result in significant added scientific value to the project over what could be achieved by a single agency alone; or Unique capabilities reside within one agency that are necessary for the mission success of a project managed by another agency; or The project is intended to transfer from research to operations necessitating a change in responsibility from one agency to another during the project; or There are other compelling reasons to pursue collaboration, for example, a desire to build capacity at one of the cooperating agencies. Even when the total project cost may increase, parties may still find collaboration attractive if their share of a mission is more affordable than funding it alone. In these cases, alternatives to interdependent reliance on another government agency should be considered. For example, agencies may find that buying services from another agency or pursuing interagency coordination of spaceflight data collection is preferable to fully interdependent cooperation.

NASA's Earth Science and Applications Programs

NASA's Earth Science and Applications Programs PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Astronautics in earth sciences
Languages : en
Pages : 103
Book Description


NASA Earth Science

NASA Earth Science PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Astronautics in earth sciences
Languages : en
Pages : 225
Book Description


Review of Goals and Plans for NASA's Space and Earth Sciences

Review of Goals and Plans for NASA's Space and Earth Sciences PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309099439
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 74
Book Description
Both the President’s commission on how to implement the President’s space exploration initiative and Congress asked the NRC undertake an assessment and review of the science proposed to be carried out under the initiative. An initial response to that request was the NRC February 2005 report, Science in NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration. While that report’s preparation, NASA created capabilities and strategy roadmapping efforts which became the object of the next phase of the NRC review. The new NASA administrator modified that NASA activity resulting in changes in the NRC review effort. This report provides a review of six science strategy roadmaps: robotic and human exploration of Mars; solar system exploration; universe exploration; search for earth-like planets; earth science and applications from space; and sun-earth system connection. In addition, an assessment of cross-cutting and integration issues is presented.

Earth Science and Applications from Space

Earth Science and Applications from Space PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309096723
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 58
Book Description
The Earth is a dynamic planet whose changes and variations affect our communications, energy, health, food, housing, and transportation infrastructure. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from a variety of land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and the USGS develop these tools, the NRC was asked by these agencies to carry out a decadal strategy survey of Earth science and applications from space. In particular, the study is to develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015, and a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This interim report outlines a key element of the studyâ€"the rationale for tying Earth observations to societal needâ€"and identifies urgent near-term actions needed to achieve this goal. A final report, due in late 2006, will provide the list of recommended space missions, programs, and supporting.

Issues Affecting the Future of the U.S. Space Science and Engineering Workforce

Issues Affecting the Future of the U.S. Space Science and Engineering Workforce PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309102170
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 60
Book Description
In January 2006, the President announced a new civilian space policy focusing on exploration. As part of its preparations to implement that policy, NASA asked the NRC to explore long-range science and technology workforce needs to achieve the space exploration vision, identify obstacles to filling those needs, and put forward solutions to those obstacles. As part of the study, the NRC held a workshop to identify important factors affecting NASA’s future workforce and its capacity to implement the exploration vision. This interim report presents a summary of the highlights of that workshop and an initial set of findings. The report provides a review of the workforce implications of NASA’s plans, an assessment of science and technology workforce demographics, an analysis of factors affecting the aerospace workforce for both NASA and the relevant aerospace industry, and preliminary findings and recommendations. A final report is scheduled for completion in early 2007.

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309180665
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 104
Book Description
Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.