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The Business of Martyrdom

The Business of Martyrdom PDF Author: Jeffrey William Lewis
Publisher: Naval Inst Press
ISBN: 9781612510514
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
Offers a complete history of the tactic of suicide bombing, from its origins in Imperial Russia to the Islamic radicals of today.

The Business of Martyrdom

The Business of Martyrdom PDF Author: Jeffrey William Lewis
Publisher: Naval Inst Press
ISBN: 9781612510514
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
Offers a complete history of the tactic of suicide bombing, from its origins in Imperial Russia to the Islamic radicals of today.

The Business of Martyrdom

The Business of Martyrdom PDF Author: Jeffrey Lewis
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612510973
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
Book Description
The Business of Martyrdom is the only comprehensive history of suicide bombing from its origins in Imperial Russia to the present day. It makes use of a framework from the history and philosophy of technology to explain the diffusion and evolution of suicide bombing over the past several decades. It is primarily a work of synthesis meant to reach a broad audience and endeavors to integrate as much of the recent scholarly literature as possible, including reconciling explanatory mechanisms that seem to be at odds with one another. In addition, this book is able to draw on very recent changes in suicide bombing in the years 2008-2010 that allow it to have a slightly different perspective than earlier studies. For the first time the global number of suicide attacks has declined significantly for three years in a row. This book therefore has the advantage of addressing the phenomenon of suicide bombing as a bounded phenomenon with limits to its growth and diffusion. To this point the impression that suicide bombers are the smartest bombs yet created has been widespread but confined to the area of metaphor. Drawing well-established ideas from the history of technology, The Business of Martyrdom argues that the metaphor should be taken literally. Suicide bombing is a technology that has been invented and re-invented at different times in different areas but always for the same purpose: resolving a mismatch in military capabilities between antagonists by utilizing the available cultural and human resources. Over the past several years, analysts have produced a large number of monographs and articles examining suicide bombing. The best contributions in this new and growing literature have shed considerable light on the complexity of suicide bombing in practice, particularly regarding the structure of the organizations that deploy suicide bombers and the relationships between these organizations and the recruits whom they utilize in their attacks. Nevertheless, nagging inconsistencies and questions remain. These inconsistencies can be explained by examining suicide bombing as a technological system that integrates human beings, cultures, and devices and directs them toward specific ends. Such an analysis requires that neither the individual bombers nor their sponsoring organizations be the basic unit of discussion. Instead, the bombers must be understood as components within a much larger system that has been shaped by a host of social, cultural, and operational constraints throughout its existence. Integrating insights from the historical analysis of other technological systems with the recent literature specifically devoted to suicide bombing therefore allows The Business of Martyrdom to develop a fuller understanding of suicide bombing as a unified yet diverse phenomenon

Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran

Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran PDF Author: Pedram Khosronejad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135711607
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 174
Book Description
Today, almost a generation has passed since the Iran–Iraq war and the memory of it is set to diminish with each passing generation. The following questions emerge. Can we say that the gradual disappearance of war’s memory means that, increasingly, Iranians will see the Iran–Iraq war solely as an historical event? How can we defend or reject this idea? Today, with which elements and values should we look at the Iran–Iraq war memorials and ceremonies? To what extent will war museums and materials culture be influenced by these new values? In the period during and immediately after the Iran–Iraq war (1980-88), national bereavement and commemoration of martyrs was neither apparent in common state policy nor a social need. Even at the turn of the 21st century, anyone walking through Iranian cities, many of which had been the main scene of the bloody massacre and direct targets of the Iraqi Republican Guard, will have found traces of the terrible, almost unimaginable, human losses. However, today’s Iranians can see modern war memorials and monuments in many parts of the urban and rural landscape. Yet, at the same time, the changing landscape has separated Iranians from such remnants of the violence. It can be argued that many people, in their wish to look forward to a more hopeful future, do not wish to be reminded of this period in Iranian history. This book was originally published as a special issue of Visual Anthropology.

Martyrdom and Terrorism

Martyrdom and Terrorism PDF Author: Dominic Janes
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 0199959870
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 317
Book Description
In recent years, terrorism has become closely associated with martyrdom, in the minds of many terrorists and in the view of nations around the world. Islam contains manifold concepts of martyrdom, some of which link ''bearing witness'' to faith and God. Martyrdom is also central to the Christian tradition, not only in the form of Christ's Passion or saints faced with persecution and death, but in the duty to lead a good and charitable life. In both religions, the association of religiousmartyrdom with political terror has a long and difficult legacy. The essays of this volume illuminate these legacies - following, for example, Christian martyrdom from its origins in the Roman world, to the experience of the deaths of ''terrorist'' leaders of the French Revolution, to parallels in the contemporary world - and explore historical parallels in Islamic, Christian, and secular traditions. Featuring essays from eminent scholars in a wide range of disciplines, Martyrdom and Terorrism provides a timely comparative history of the practices and discourses of terrorism and martyrdom from antiquity to the twenty-first century.

The Book of Martyrs ... Forming a complete history of martyrdom from the commencement of Christianity to the present time ... Revised, corrected & improved by the Revd John Malham. Embellished with a series of superior engravings, etc. With a portrait

The Book of Martyrs ... Forming a complete history of martyrdom from the commencement of Christianity to the present time ... Revised, corrected & improved by the Revd John Malham. Embellished with a series of superior engravings, etc. With a portrait PDF Author: John Foxe
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Martyrdom and the Politics of Religion

Martyrdom and the Politics of Religion PDF Author: Anna L. Peterson
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791431825
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
Martyrdom and the Politics of Religion explores the ways that Salvadoran Catholics sought to make sense of political violence in their country in the 1970s and 1980s by constructing a theological ethics that could both explain repression in religious terms and propose specific responses to violence. Drawing on extensive fieldwork, the book highlights the ways that progressive Catholicism offered a justification and tools for political resistance in the face of extraordinary destruction. Using the case of Catholicism in El Salvador, the book explores the nature of religious responses to social crisis and the ways that ordinary believers construct and strive to live by ethical systems. By highlighting the importance of theological belief, of narrative, and of religious rationality in political mobilization, it touches questions of general interest to readers concerned with the social role of religion and ethics.

Martyrdom and Rome

Martyrdom and Rome PDF Author: G. W. Bowersock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521530491
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 120
Book Description
This book examines the historical context of the earliest Christian martyrs, and anchors their grisly and often wilful self-sacrifice to the everyday life and outlook of the cities of the Roman empire. Professor Bowersock begins by investigating both the time and the region in which martyrdom, as we know it, came into being. He also offers comparisons of the Graeco-Roman background with the martyrology of Jews and Muslims. A study of official protocols illuminates the bureaucratic institutions of the Roman state as they applied to the first martyrs; and the martyrdoms themselves are seen within the context of urban life (and public spectacle) in the great imperial cities. By considering martyrdom in relation to suicide, the author is also able to demonstrate the peculiarly Roman character of Christian self-sacrifice in relation to other forms of deadly resistance to authority.

Fools, Martyrs, Traitors

Fools, Martyrs, Traitors PDF Author: Lacey Baldwin Smith
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0307817466
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 448
Book Description
In this engrossing exploration of martyrdom, Lacey Baldwin Smith takes us on a riveting journey through history as he examines one of the most baffling characteristics of the human species: its willingness to die to sanctify a deity, to defend a cause, or simply to prove a point. In telling the stories of his chosen martyrs, by delving into their psyches, politics, and remarkable personalities, he illuminates the complex and elusive subject of martyrdom as it has evolved over two and a half millennia. The story starts with Socrates, the Western world's first recorded martyr, and moves on to Judaic and early Christian martyrs: the Maccabees and their heroic suffering; Jesus of Nazareth and the impact of the crucifixion on his message; and Saint Perpetua, who died spectacularly in a Roman amphitheater. The narrative then transports us to England: to Archbishop Thomas Becket and his sensational murder at the altar of his own cathedral in Canterbury; to Sir Thomas More, who died Henry VIII's "good servant but God's first" ; to the Protestant martyrs under Catholic Mary Tudor; and to Charles I, the only English king to be tried and executed as a traitor. The concluding chapters cover modern martyrdom as it has become increasingly secularized and entangled with treason. They include John Brown, whose "body lies a-mouldering in the grave but whose soul" goes marching on, Mahatma Gandhi and his school for martyrs, the Holocaust and its impact on modern Jewish thought, Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the unsuccessful attempts to assassinate Hitler, and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg's execution for giving secret information about the atomic bomb to the USSR. The book ends with the troubling figure of SS Lieutenant Kurt Gerstein and the ultimate question: Is there such a person as a totally disinterested martyr? Fools and traitors to some, heroes to others, all the men and women who appear here have helped shape our definition of martyrdom. The questions Lacey Baldwin Smith raises, and the way he brings the past to life, make this a uniquely compelling book.

The Life and Martyrdom of the Blessed Andrew Bobeia, of the Society of Jesus in 2 Books. Transl. from the Original Italian of Father Philip Monaci (etc.)

The Life and Martyrdom of the Blessed Andrew Bobeia, of the Society of Jesus in 2 Books. Transl. from the Original Italian of Father Philip Monaci (etc.) PDF Author: Filippo Monaci
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 145
Book Description


The Life and Martyrdom of the Blessed A. Bobóla. ... Translated from the Original Italian of ... Philip Monaci

The Life and Martyrdom of the Blessed A. Bobóla. ... Translated from the Original Italian of ... Philip Monaci PDF Author: Filippo MONACI
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description