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Examining the World

Examining the World PDF Author: Sandra Raban
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521884144
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 168
Book Description
The first full-length history of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Examining the World

Examining the World PDF Author: Sandra Raban
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521884144
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 168
Book Description
The first full-length history of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

The Handbook of English for Specific Purposes

The Handbook of English for Specific Purposes PDF Author: Brian Paltridge
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470655321
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 592
Book Description
Featuring a collection of newly commissioned essays, edited by two leading scholars, this Handbook surveys the key research findings in the field of English for Specific Purposes (ESP). • Provides a state-of-the-art overview of the origins and evolution, current research, and future directions in ESP • Features newly-commissioned contributions from a global team of leading scholars • Explores the history of ESP and current areas of research, including speaking, reading, writing, technology, and business, legal, and medical English • Considers perspectives on ESP research such as genre, intercultural rhetoric, multimodality, English as a lingua franca and ethnography

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning PDF Author: Eli Hinkel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135636451
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 1859
Book Description
This landmark volume provides a broad-based, state-of-the-art overview of current knowledge and research into second language teaching and learning. Fifty-seven chapters are organized in eight thematic sections: *social contexts of second language learning; *research methodologies in second-language learning, acquisition, and teaching; *contributions of applied linguistics to the teaching and learning of second language skills; *second language processes and development; *teaching methods and curricula; *issues in second or foreign language testing and assessment; *identity, culture, and critical pedagogy in second language teaching and learning; and *important considerations in language planning and policies. The Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning is intended for researchers, practitioners, graduate students, and faculty in teacher education and applied linguistics programs; teachers; teacher trainers; teacher trainees; curriculum and material developers; and all other professionals in the field of second language teaching and learning.

Handbook of Second Language Assessment

Handbook of Second Language Assessment PDF Author: Dina Tsagari
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614513821
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 460
Book Description
Second language assessment is ubiquitous. It has found its way from education into questions about access to professions and migration. This volume focuses on the main debates and research advances in second language assessment in the last fifty years or so, showing the influence of linguistics, politics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and psychometrics. There are four parts which, when taken together, address the principles and practices of second language assessment while considering its impact on society. Read separately, each part addresses a different aspect of the field. Part I deals with the conceptual foundations of second language assessment with chapters on the purposes of assessment, and standards and frameworks, as well as matters of scoring, quality assurance, and test validation. Part II addresses the theory and practice of assessing different second language skills including aspects like intercultural competence and fluency. Part III examines the challenges and opportunities of second language assessment in a range of contexts. In addition to chapters on second language assessment on a national scale, there are chapters on learning-oriented assessment, as well as the uses of second language assessment in the workplace and for migration. Part IV examines a selection of important issues in the field that deserve attention. These include the alignment of language examinations to external frameworks, the increasing use of technology to both deliver and score second language tests, the responsibilities associated with assessing test takers with special needs, the concept of 'voice' in second language assessment, and assessment literacy for teachers and other test and score users.

Building a Validity Argument for a Listening Test of Academic Proficiency

Building a Validity Argument for a Listening Test of Academic Proficiency PDF Author: Vahid Aryadoust
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443850934
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 325
Book Description
Over the years, various approaches to validation have emerged in psychological and educational assessment research, which can be classified into traditional approaches and modern approaches. Traditional approaches view validity as a multicomponential concept including, for example, content, construct, and predictive validity, while modern approaches conceptualize it as a unitary concept evaluated through argumentation. Drawing on the modern approach, this book builds a validity argument for an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) listening test sample. The book provides some insights into the listening sub-skills that the test engages, the psychometric dimensionality of the test, variables that predict item difficulty parameters, bias across age, nationality, test experience, and gender, as well as predictive-referenced evidence of validity. A variety of techniques including the Rasch model and structural equation modelling are used to answer the research questions and to build a validity argument framework; this argument organizes the thematically related findings into a coherent treatment of the validity of the listening test. The book presents the first treatment of validity argument and related analytical tools in one volume and maps the psychometric/statistical analysis tools onto the validity argument framework. It also provides an extensive literature review of listening comprehension, validation, and psychometric modeling and proposes both methods for developing and validating self-assessment instruments and novel approaches to improving the quality of language assessments.

Language Centres

Language Centres PDF Author: David Ingram
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027219575
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 251
Book Description
Language centres serve an important role in the development and implementation of language policy and in supporting language teachers. This book describes five language centres, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (London), the European Centre for Modern Languages (Graz), the Regional Language Centre (Singapore), the National Foreign Language Center (NFLC, Washington DC), and the Centre for Applied Linguistics and Languages (CALL, Brisbane). These contrasting centres provide the basis for a discussion of the roles, functions and management of language centres and the challenges facing such centres (and universities in general) arising from tensions between the pursuit of academic excellence and the demands of commercialisation and economic rationalism. The author holds a chair in applied linguistics in Griffith University and has written extensively on language policy and its implementation and on language assessment. He has established and directed three language centres since the mid-1980s, including CALL since 1990, and is an Adjunct Fellow of NFLC.

English for Academic Purposes - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers

English for Academic Purposes - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers PDF Author: Edward de Chazal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0194358313
Category : Study Aids
Languages : en
Pages : 553
Book Description
Gives an up-to-date overview of the research into English for Academic Purposes and discusses key concepts.

The Idea and Practice of Reading

The Idea and Practice of Reading PDF Author: R. Joseph Ponniah
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811085722
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 190
Book Description
This book addresses basic issues in language education and explores how reading, with a focus on meaning, contributes to the development of all aspects of language including vocabulary, spelling, grammar, and syntax. It departs from traditional methods and practices in language learning to investigate the potency of reading in improving language acquisition. The traditional practice in language classes to teach language skills explicitly through acquiring forms and structures of language is often less than successful, and teachers are gradually incorporating reading materials and practices into the curriculum. This book provides important inputs to language teachers and educators on the need to include reading as an idea and as a practice into the curriculum. Among other things, it explores the benefits of incidental learning of language properties such as vocabulary, syntax and grammar and gives adequate exposure to different types of reading strategies to promote reading among learners. It also exploits the possible transfer of L1 reading strategies and capabilities to L2 reading for language acquisition. In so doing, this book hopes to promote autonomous learning among L2 learners and guide readers in alternative strategies to solve comprehension problems.

Becoming and Being an Applied Linguist

Becoming and Being an Applied Linguist PDF Author: Rod Ellis
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266786
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 373
Book Description
Becoming and Being an Applied Linguist contains narrative accounts of the lives of thirteen well-established applied linguists. Their professional autobiographies document the development of some of the key areas of applied linguistics – second, language acquisition, motivation, grammar, vocabulary, testing, second language writing, second language classroom research, practitioner research, English as a lingua franca, teacher cognition, and computer-assisted language learning. The book tells how these applied linguists grew into their areas of specialization. It will be of interest to any would-be applied linguist. The book also provides a readable overview of the whole field that will be of value to students of applied linguistics.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives PDF Author: David B. Baker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199710651
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 672
Book Description
The science and practice of psychology has evolved around the world on different trajectories and timelines, yet with a convergence on the recognition of the need for a human science that can confront the challenges facing the world today. Few would argue that the standard narrative of the history of psychology has emphasized European and American traditions over others, but in today's global culture, there is a greater need in psychology for international understanding. This volume describes the historical development of psychology in countries throughout the world. Contributors provide narratives that examine the political and socioeconomic forces that have shaped their nations' psychologies. Each unique story adds another element to our understanding of the history of psychology. The chapters in this volume remind us that there are unique contexts and circumstances that influence the ways in which the science and practice of psychology are assimilated into our daily lives. Making these contexts and circumstances explicit through historical research and writing provides some promise of greater international insight, as well as a better understanding of the human condition.